In this study, the in vitro inhibitory effects of aspirin and indomethacin on the arachidonic acid induced thromboxane B2 formation by human leukocytes, are evaluated. The results are compared to those obtained using similarly challenged human washed platelets. Acetylsalicylic acid inhibition, calculated as IC50 by a dose-response curve, is more than ten fold higher for leukocytes vs platelets. In fact, a concentration of aspirin as low as 5 microM almost completely suppresses thromboxane B2 formation by washed platelets, whereas a concentration of 50 microM is necessary to achieve the same inhibition with leukocytes. Indomethacin (0.001-100 microM), incubated with platelet and leukocyte suspensions acts similarly to aspirin. Leukocyte and platelet cyclooxygenases are, therefore, differently affected by both aspirin and indomethacin. These differences may be relevant in the understanding of the wide divergence between the aspirin doses used in thrombosis prevention and in the treatment of inflammatory disease.

Differential effects of aspirin and indomethacin on platelet and leukocyte thromboxane A2 formation / P. Maderna, S. Colli, G. Morazzoni, E. Stragliotto, E. Tremoli. - In: PROSTAGLANDINS, LEUKOTRIENES, AND MEDICINE. - ISSN 0262-1746. - 18:3(1985 Jun), pp. 379-391. [10.1016/0262-1746(85)90071-X]

Differential effects of aspirin and indomethacin on platelet and leukocyte thromboxane A2 formation

S. Colli
Secondo
;
E. Tremoli
Ultimo
1985-06

Abstract

In this study, the in vitro inhibitory effects of aspirin and indomethacin on the arachidonic acid induced thromboxane B2 formation by human leukocytes, are evaluated. The results are compared to those obtained using similarly challenged human washed platelets. Acetylsalicylic acid inhibition, calculated as IC50 by a dose-response curve, is more than ten fold higher for leukocytes vs platelets. In fact, a concentration of aspirin as low as 5 microM almost completely suppresses thromboxane B2 formation by washed platelets, whereas a concentration of 50 microM is necessary to achieve the same inhibition with leukocytes. Indomethacin (0.001-100 microM), incubated with platelet and leukocyte suspensions acts similarly to aspirin. Leukocyte and platelet cyclooxygenases are, therefore, differently affected by both aspirin and indomethacin. These differences may be relevant in the understanding of the wide divergence between the aspirin doses used in thrombosis prevention and in the treatment of inflammatory disease.
Thromboxanes; Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases; Blood Platelets; Aspirin; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Humans; Leukocytes; Indomethacin; Thromboxane A2
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/193609
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