We studied 54 patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinaemia (EMC), (23 males, 31 females) mean age 61 years (range 28-77). Forty-one (76%) had type II cryoglobulinaemia and 13 (24%) type III. Antibodies to HCV were detectable by second-generation ELISA in 49 patients (91%) with confirmed or indeterminate RIBA results. HCV RNA was detected by RT PCR using 5' UTR nested primers; HCV genotypes 1a, 1b, 2 and 3a were identified by genotype-specific core-region nested primers. All patients (49) with antibodies to HCV in their serum were HCV-RNA positive; 27 (55.1%) had HCV subtype 1b and 21 (42.8%) type 2. In one patient the HCV genotype could not be determined. The genotype distribution was not different from that found in patients with chronic hepatitis C without cryoglobulinaemia. However, the presence of HCV subtype 1b correlated significantly with signs of chronic hepatitis and presence of peripheral neuropathy. Severity of disease tended to be worse in patients infected with HCV subtype 1b, but this was mainly due to liver disease. HCV genotypes may influence the clinical expression and, in particular, the severity of liver involvement in patients with EMC. Extent and severity of EMC disease in general may also be affected by the different HCV genotypes. These findings may have therapeutical implications, since the different HCV genotypes respond differently to interferon treatment.
Hepatitis C virus genotypes in patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia / A.R. Sinico, M.L. Ribero, A. Fornasieri, P. Renoldi, J. Zhou, M. Fasola, G. Portera, G. Arrigo, A. Gibelli, G. D'Amico, A. Tagger. - In: QJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. - ISSN 1460-2725. - 88:11(1995), pp. 805-810.
|Titolo:||Hepatitis C virus genotypes in patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia|
TAGGER, ALESSANDRO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|