Epigenetic modifications are established during gametogenesis and preimplantation embryonic development. Any disturbance of the normal natural environment during these critical phases could cause alterations of the epigenetic signature. Histone acetylation is an important epigenetic modification involved in the regulation of chromatin organization and gene expression. The present study was aimed to determine whether the proper establishment of post-translational histone H4 acetylation at lysine 8 (AcH4K8), 12 (AcH4K12) and 16 (AcH4K16) of equine oocytes is adversely affected during in vitro maturation (IVM) when compared with in vivo matured oocytes collected from naturally cycling mares not undergoing ovarian hyperstimulation. The acetylation patterns were investigated by means of indirect immunofluorescence staining with specific antibodies directed against the acetylated lysine residues. Our results indicate that the acetylation state of H4 is dependent on the chromatin configuration in immature germinal vesicle (GV) stage oocytes and it changes in a residue-specific manner along with the increase of chromatin condensation. In particular, the levels of AcH4K8 and AcH4K12 increased significantly, while AcH4K16 decreased significantly from the fibrillar to the condensed state of chromatin configuration within the GV. Moreover, during meiosis, K8 and K12 were substantially deacetylated without any differences between in vivo and in vitro conditions, while K16 displayed a strong acetylation in oocytes matured in vivo, and in contrast, it was markedly deacetylated following IVM. Although the functional meaning of residue-specific acetylation during oocyte differentiation and meiotic resumption needs further investigation, our results support the hypothesis that IVM conditions can adversely affect oocyte ability to regulate the epigenetic reprogramming, critical for successful meiosis and subsequent embryonic development.
Changes in histone H4 acetylation during in vivo versus in vitro maturation of equine oocytes / F. Franciosi, V. Lodde, G. Goudet, G. Duchamp, S. Deleuze, C. Douet, I. Tessaro, A.M. Luciano. - In: MOLECULAR HUMAN REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 1360-9947. - 18:5(2012 May), pp. 243-252.
|Titolo:||Changes in histone H4 acetylation during in vivo versus in vitro maturation of equine oocytes|
FRANCIOSI, FEDERICA (Primo)
LODDE, VALENTINA (Secondo)
TESSARO, IRENE (Penultimo)
LUCIANO, ALBERTO MARIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animal model; Chromatin configuration; Epigenetics; Histone H4 acetylation; Meiosis; Oocyte meiosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molehr/gar077|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|