Local cerebral glucose utilization assayed by the [14C]deoxyglucose ([14C]DG) method and calculated by means of its operational equation with values for the rate constants and lumped constant determined in rats under physiological conditions remains relatively stable with variations in arterial plasma glucose concentration within the normoglycemic range. Large changes in arterial plasma glucose level may, however, significantly alter the values of these constants and lead to artifactual results. Values for the lumped constant have been measured and reported for a wide range of arterial plasma glucose concentrations ranging from hypoglycemia to hyperglycemia in the rat (Schuier et al., 1981; Suda et al., 1981; Pettigrew et al., 1983). In the present study we have redetermined the rate constants in rats with arterial plasma glucose levels clamped at approximately 350, 450, and 550 mg/dl (i.e., 19, 25, and 31 mM) by a glucose clamp technique. The rate constants for the transport of DG from plasma to brain, K1*, and its phosphorylation in tissue, k3*, were found to decline with increasing plasma glucose levels, while the rate constant for its transport back from brain to plasma, k*2, remained relatively unchanged from its value in normoglycemia. These rate constants were used together with the previously determined values for the lumped constants to calculate local rates of cerebral glucose utilization in three groups of rats in which arterial plasma glucose levels were clamped at approximately 350, 450, and 550 mg/dl (i.e., 19, 25, and 31 mM). Average glucose utilization in the brain as a whole was unchanged in hyperglycemia from the values calculated in normoglycemic rats with the standard normal set of constants. Changes in the rate of glucose utilization were found, however, in the hypothalamus, globus pallidus, and amygdala during hyperglycemia.
Local cerebral glucose utilization in controlled graded levels of hyperglycemia in the conscious rat / F. Orzi, G. Lucignani, D. Dow-Edwards, H. Namba, A. Nehlig, C. S. Patlak, K. Pettigrew, F. Schuier, L. Sokoloff. - In: JOURNAL OF CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 0271-678X. - 8:3(1988 Jun), pp. 346-56-356.
|Titolo:||Local cerebral glucose utilization in controlled graded levels of hyperglycemia in the conscious rat|
LUCIGNANI, GIOVANNI (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Rats, Inbred Strains; Rats; Animals; Consciousness; Hyperglycemia; Glucose; Brain; Male; Mathematics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-1988|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jcbfm.1988.70|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|