β-d-N-Acetylglucosaminidase isozymes were separated and assayed in the plasma of control healthy individuals and pregnant women by an automated method consisting in chromatofocusing on polybuffer exchanger PBE-94 column, flow-through fluorimetric determination of activity and computer assisted quantification. Under the established optimal conditions the method fractionated β-d-N-acetylglucosaminidase into four isozymes, A, I2, I1 and B, with the analytical coefficients of variation of 1.8, 2.2, 6.4 and 4.1%, respectively. Duration of a single analysis was 25 min including washing, and 10-15 successive runs could be performed on the same column with good reproducibility. A linear activity response was observed from 1-5 μl of plasma (depending on the individual isozyme) to 50 μl, and the detection limit was 0.016 mUnits. Isozyme A was heat labile. Upon sialidase treatment, isozymes A, I2 and I1 released sialic acid and were eluted from the column at less acidic pHs. In healthy individuals isozymes A, I2, I1 and B covered about 62.8, 6.9, 15.0 and 15.1% of the total β-d-N-acetyl-glucosaminidase activity, respectively. During pregnancy the plasma concentration of all isozymes increased. Isozyme I2 showed the highest enhancement (30-fold), followed by I1 (8-fold), B (5.6-fold) and A (3-fold). Interruption of pregnancy by either physiological delivery or ambulatory abortion was followed by a sharp fall of the concentration of all isozymes reaching, in a few days, the control levels.
THE LYSOSOMAL BETA-D-N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINIDASE ISOZYMES IN HUMAN-PLASMA DURING PREGNANCY - SEPARATION AND QUANTIFICATION BY A SIMPLE AUTOMATED PROCEDURE / G. GOI, A. FABI, A. LOMBARDO, C. BAIRATI, L. BOVATI, A. BURLINA, S. AGOSTI, C. SERIO, G. TETTAMANTI. - In: CLINICA CHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0009-8981. - 179:3(1989), pp. 327-340.
|Titolo:||THE LYSOSOMAL BETA-D-N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINIDASE ISOZYMES IN HUMAN-PLASMA DURING PREGNANCY - SEPARATION AND QUANTIFICATION BY A SIMPLE AUTOMATED PROCEDURE|
GOI, GIANCARLO (Primo)
TETTAMANTI, GUIDO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Automated procedure; Human plasma; Pregnancy; β-d-N-Acetylglucosaminidase isozyme|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(89)90096-X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|