In opiate addicts specific and unspecific immune responses were examined, before and after methadone treatment. Anomalous immune responses were characterized by compromised cellular immunity (functional deficits of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and T-lymphocytes) in association with efficient production of antibodies. After methadone treatment an elevation of leukocyte functions was noted. The presence of elevated titres of circulating immune complexes observed in all the patients tested could bring about a functional exhaustion of neutrophils. The defects of cellular immunity can be considered important risk factors in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases in addicts.

Immunological status in heroin addicts: effects of methadone maintenance treatment / A. Lazzarin, L. Mella, M. Trombini, C. Uberti-Foppa, F. Franzetti, G. Mazzoni, M. Galli. - In: DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE. - ISSN 0376-8716. - 13:2(1984 Mar), pp. 117-123.

Immunological status in heroin addicts: effects of methadone maintenance treatment

A. Lazzarin
Primo
;
M. Galli
Ultimo
1984-03

Abstract

In opiate addicts specific and unspecific immune responses were examined, before and after methadone treatment. Anomalous immune responses were characterized by compromised cellular immunity (functional deficits of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and T-lymphocytes) in association with efficient production of antibodies. After methadone treatment an elevation of leukocyte functions was noted. The presence of elevated titres of circulating immune complexes observed in all the patients tested could bring about a functional exhaustion of neutrophils. The defects of cellular immunity can be considered important risk factors in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases in addicts.
Heroin-addicts; Humoral immunity; Methadone treatment; Polymorphonuclear leukocytes; T-lymphocytes
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/190870
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