Midpoint oxidation-reduction potentials for the two-electron reduction of the bound FAD in spinach ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase were measured by potentiometry (Em = -342 +/- 1 mV at pH 7 and 10 degrees C). They were used with the semiquinone formation constant, obtained by spectroscopic measurement of the semiquinone concentration, to calculate values for the redox potentials of the two one-electron steps in the reduction. The redox potential for the oxidized enzyme/enzyme semiquinone couple (EOX/SQ) at pH 7 is -350 +/- 2 mV (10 degrees C) while the value for the enzyme semiquinone/enzyme hydroquinone couple (ESQ/HQ) under the same conditions is -335 +/- 1 mV. These values correspond to a semiquinone formation constant of 0.55. Measurement of the effects of pH on the potentials showed that EOX/SQ varies linearly with pH (slope -46 +/- 4 mV), while ESQ/HQ is independent of pH at high pH values, but below about pH 7.5 the potential becomes less negative with decreasing pH. indicating that there is a redox-linked protonation of the fully reduced enzyme (pKa = 7.2, 10 degrees C). The absorption spectrum of the fully reduced enzyme was found to depend on pH with the changes giving a calculated pKa of 7.5 (at 15 degrees C). The spectrum at high pH is similar to that of the anionic form of free flavin hydroquinone. The observations suggest that at physiological pH, the enzyme FAD cycles between the three redox states: oxidized, neutral semiquinone and hydroquinone anion.
Analysis of the oxidation-reduction potentials of recombinant ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase from spinach chloroplasts / M.E. Corrado, A. Aliverti, G. Zanetti, S.G. Mayhew. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0014-2956. - 239:3(1996 Aug 01), pp. 662-667.
|Titolo:||Analysis of the oxidation-reduction potentials of recombinant ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase from spinach chloroplasts|
ALIVERTI, ALESSANDRO (Secondo)
ZANETTI, GIULIANA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||FAD; Flavin hydroquinone anion; Flavoprotein; Redox potential; Spinach ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-ago-1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1996.0662u.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|