Pyridine and ammonia have been used as probe molecules for the quantitative analysis of surface acidity of some solid catalysts by FTIR spectroscopy. For pyridine, a scale of acidity and an evaluation of the relative acid strength at different temperatures (373-773 K) were obtained for both Bronsted- and Lewis-acid sites. Correlation was verified between the concentration of Bronsted sites and the catalytic activity of the catalysts examined for the dehydration of 2-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyridine to 2-vinylpyridine. In contrast, ammonia was a much less reliable probe, mainly due to the overlapping of the resulting IR absorption bands. Moreover, it decomposed even at rather low temperatures, when adsorbed onto the catalysts.

Pyridine and ammonia as probes for FTIR analysis of solid acid catalysts / T. Barzetti, E. Selli, D. Moscotti, L. Forni. - In: JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY. FARADAY TRANSACTIONS. - ISSN 0956-5000. - 92:8(1996), pp. 1401-1407.

Pyridine and ammonia as probes for FTIR analysis of solid acid catalysts

E. Selli
Secondo
;
L. Forni
Ultimo
1996

Abstract

Pyridine and ammonia have been used as probe molecules for the quantitative analysis of surface acidity of some solid catalysts by FTIR spectroscopy. For pyridine, a scale of acidity and an evaluation of the relative acid strength at different temperatures (373-773 K) were obtained for both Bronsted- and Lewis-acid sites. Correlation was verified between the concentration of Bronsted sites and the catalytic activity of the catalysts examined for the dehydration of 2-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyridine to 2-vinylpyridine. In contrast, ammonia was a much less reliable probe, mainly due to the overlapping of the resulting IR absorption bands. Moreover, it decomposed even at rather low temperatures, when adsorbed onto the catalysts.
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/190335
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