AIM: Recent studies have investigated the importance of recovery strategies after training session, including hydrotherapy and cryotherapy. However, only a few studies have focused on cold-water immersion (CWI) treatments in team sport disciplines. The present study investigates the effects of CWI and contrast-water therapy (CWT) on the performance of young male soccer players during a week of training. METHODS: Eighteen young soccer players participated in the present study (age 15.5±1.0 years, weight 61.8±3.0 Kg, height 175.5±4.0 cm and training experience 8.1±1.0 years). They were involved in a four-day study with recovery using CWI or with CWT after each training session by using performance tests and small-sided games. We measured uric acid concentration, leukocytes, haemoglobin, reticulocytes and creatine kinase changes in the blood, axillary temperature, rating of perceived exertion after a training session, heart rate during exercise, performance tests (counter movement jump, repeated sprint ability and 5' shuttle run). RESULTS: No significant difference were reported between groups when different physiological tests were used; CWI and CWT did not negatively influence the performances of the athletes. The principal effect of CWI was a reduced perception of fatigue after the training session. The use of active recovery protocols based on cold water or cold/thermoneutral water did not induce modifications of inflammatory and haematological markers in young soccer players. CONCLUSION: The beneficial effect of a reduced perception of fatigue can improve training and competitions in young soccer players.

Effects of cold-water immersion and contrast-water therapy after training in young soccer players / M. De Nardi, A. La Torre, A. Barassi, C. Ricci, G. Banfi. - In: JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS. - ISSN 0022-4707. - 51:4(2011), pp. 609-615.

Effects of cold-water immersion and contrast-water therapy after training in young soccer players

A. La Torre;A. Barassi;G. Banfi
2011

Abstract

AIM: Recent studies have investigated the importance of recovery strategies after training session, including hydrotherapy and cryotherapy. However, only a few studies have focused on cold-water immersion (CWI) treatments in team sport disciplines. The present study investigates the effects of CWI and contrast-water therapy (CWT) on the performance of young male soccer players during a week of training. METHODS: Eighteen young soccer players participated in the present study (age 15.5±1.0 years, weight 61.8±3.0 Kg, height 175.5±4.0 cm and training experience 8.1±1.0 years). They were involved in a four-day study with recovery using CWI or with CWT after each training session by using performance tests and small-sided games. We measured uric acid concentration, leukocytes, haemoglobin, reticulocytes and creatine kinase changes in the blood, axillary temperature, rating of perceived exertion after a training session, heart rate during exercise, performance tests (counter movement jump, repeated sprint ability and 5' shuttle run). RESULTS: No significant difference were reported between groups when different physiological tests were used; CWI and CWT did not negatively influence the performances of the athletes. The principal effect of CWI was a reduced perception of fatigue after the training session. The use of active recovery protocols based on cold water or cold/thermoneutral water did not induce modifications of inflammatory and haematological markers in young soccer players. CONCLUSION: The beneficial effect of a reduced perception of fatigue can improve training and competitions in young soccer players.
Humans ; Athletic Performance ; Hydrotherapy ; Soccer ; Cold Temperature ; Water ; Leukocyte Count ; Uric Acid ; Heart Rate ; Body Temperature ; Hemoglobins ; Creatine Kinase ; Physical Exertion ; Immersion ; Physical Education and Training ; Reticulocyte Count ; Adolescent ; Male
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/190213
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