Photochemical induced grafting (1) and graft polymerization (2) from N,N-dimethylformamide solutions of four acryloxy-substituted aromatic diazenes, chosen as model molecules of acryloxy azo dyes, were investigated kinetically at 25°C onto polypropylene, polycaprolactam, and poly(ethylene terephtalate) films, by polychromatic irradaition. Quantum efficiencies at zero concentration of dyes and lifetimes of excited states for processes (1) and (2) were evaluated from experimental data by Stern-Volmer plots. The surface density of grafted molecules at the end of process (1) was not affected by the concentration of dyes in solution, but varied sensibly with the chemical nature of polymers and dyes. The relevant parameters are discussed on the basis of the proposed mechanism.

Photochemical grafting of acrylated azo dyes onto polymeric surfaces. V. Grafting of some acryloxy-substituted aromatic diazenes as model molecules onto polypropylene, polycaprolactam, and poly(ethylene terephthalate) films / S. Calgari, E. Selli, I.R. Bellobono. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-8995. - 27:2(1982 Feb), pp. 527-533. [10.1002/app.1982.070270216]

Photochemical grafting of acrylated azo dyes onto polymeric surfaces. V. Grafting of some acryloxy-substituted aromatic diazenes as model molecules onto polypropylene, polycaprolactam, and poly(ethylene terephthalate) films

E. Selli
Secondo
;
I.R. Bellobono
Ultimo
1982-02

Abstract

Photochemical induced grafting (1) and graft polymerization (2) from N,N-dimethylformamide solutions of four acryloxy-substituted aromatic diazenes, chosen as model molecules of acryloxy azo dyes, were investigated kinetically at 25°C onto polypropylene, polycaprolactam, and poly(ethylene terephtalate) films, by polychromatic irradaition. Quantum efficiencies at zero concentration of dyes and lifetimes of excited states for processes (1) and (2) were evaluated from experimental data by Stern-Volmer plots. The surface density of grafted molecules at the end of process (1) was not affected by the concentration of dyes in solution, but varied sensibly with the chemical nature of polymers and dyes. The relevant parameters are discussed on the basis of the proposed mechanism.
dye uptake; dyeing; films; graft dyeing; graft polymerization; mechanism; nylon 6; poly(ethylene glycol terephthalate); polypropylene; quantum yield
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Settore CHIM/04 - Chimica Industriale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/190003
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