Residual platelets in plasma are considered detrimental after freezing-thawing, as phospholipids released from ruptured platelets may quench lupus anticoagulants (LA). We aimed at assessing the effect of residual platelets after freezing-thawing plasmas tested with two procedures for LA. Blood from 52 patients suspected of having LA were centrifuged at 2,500 g. Plasmas were subdivided into 2 aliquots. One was filtered to remove residual platelets and both were frozen and stored at 70°C. Silica clotting time (SCT) at low and high phospholipid concentrations and Staclot® LA with and without Hexagonal phospholipids were performed on thawed plasmas. Plasmas were considered LA-positive when both SCT and Staclot® LA performed on filtered plasmas were diagnostic for LA. Forty-two of 52 plasmas fulfilled the diagnostic criteria and were retained for subsequent analysis. SCT on non-filtered plasmas was diagnostic for LA in 42 of 42 plasmas. Though the median (range) percentage correction recorded after phospholipids addition for filtered plasmas, i.e., 67% (36%-83%) was reduced to 54% (25%-81%) for non-filtered plasmas (p <0.001), it was still above the cut-off (i.e., 20.9%). Staclot® LA on non-filtered plasmas was diagnostic for LA in 42 of 42 plasmas. Though the median (range) clotting time difference recorded after phospholipid addition for filtered plasmas, i.e., 40.8 (10-103.5) s was reduced to 31.7 (2.8-88.8) s for non-filtered plasmas (p <0.001), it was still above the cut-off (i.e., 1.7 s). In conclusion, residual platelets do not affect the diagnostic efficacy of SCT and Staclot® LA. However, the fact that the percentage correction for SCT and the clotting time difference for Staclot® LA are reduced by residual platelets, suggests that weak LA may be lost upon freezing-thawing non-filtered plasmas.
|Titolo:||Laboratory diagnosis of lupus anticoagulants. Effect of residual platelets in plasma, assessed by Staclot-LA® and silica clotting time|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica|
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|