In 14 pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth retardation, the umbilical cord was sampled before delivery under ultrasonic guidance for rapid fetal karyotyping. Fetal blood was analyzed for respiratory gases, acid-base balance, and lactate concentrations. Two patients were excluded from the study because cord samples were diluted with amniotic fluid. In six patients (group 1), the clinical assessment warranted continuation of pregnancy. Cesarean sections were performed in the remaining eight patients (group 2) within 8 hours of cord sampling. The data from the two groups were compared with those obtained from umbilical venous blood at the time of elective repeat cesarean section in term appropriate for gestational age infants (controls). No significant difference in PO2 was found between groups 1 and 2 and controls. In contrast, there were significant differences in oxygen saturation and acid-base balance between groups 1 and 2. Lactate concentration was inversely correlated with pH and was elevated in five of six fetuses requiring a prompt cesarean section: In two of these five fetuses, nonstress fetal heart rate tracings were reactive. The results suggest that fetal blood biochemistry, and particularly lactate concentration, may represent an additional indicator of fetal well-being in pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth retardation.
|Titolo:||Cord sampling for the evaluation of oxygenation and acid-base balance in growth-retarded human fetuses|
PARDI, GIORGIO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Oxygen; Acid-Base Equilibrium; Lactates; Heart Rate, Fetal; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Humans; Fetal Blood; Fetal Monitoring; Lactic Acid; Fetal Growth Retardation; Female; Pregnancy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-1987|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0002-9378(87)80298-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|