The cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP7A) is transcriptionally regulated by a number of factors, including hormones, bile acids, and diurnal rhythm. Previous studies have identified a region from nucleotides (nt) -74 to -55 of the rat CYP7A promoter that enhanced bile acid repression of the SV40 early promoter, as assayed with a luciferase reporter gene in transiently transfected HepG2 cells. The rat CYP7A promoter/reporter activity was strongly stimulated by cotransfection with an expression plasmid encoding the nuclear hormone receptor chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) in a dose-dependent manner. Site-directed mutagenesis in the region of nt -74 to -55 altered this stimulation. Recombinant COUP-TFII expressed in HepG2 or COS-1 cells were found to bind to nt -74 -55 and nt -149 -128 probes by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and by supershifting the corresponding band with COUP-TFII-specific antibodies. The region of nt -176 -117 was previously mapped as a retinoic acid response region and was found to bind retinoid X receptor (RXR). EMSA supershift assays of wild-type and mutant oligomers using antibody against RXR revealed that the sequences between nt -145 and -134 were important for RXR binding. We conclude that COUP-TFII stimulates the transcriptional activity of the rat CYP7A promoter by binding to the sequences between nt -74 to -54 and nt -149 to -128. RXR may stimulate CYP7A gene transcription by binding to a direct repeat of the hormone response element separated by one nucleotide located at nt -146 -134
Orphan receptors chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) and retinoid X receptor activate and bind the rat cholesterol 7-hydroxylase gene (CYP7A) / D. Stroup, M. Crestani, J.Y.L. Chiang. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 272:15(1997), pp. 9802-9808.
|Titolo:||Orphan receptors chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) and retinoid X receptor activate and bind the rat cholesterol 7-hydroxylase gene (CYP7A)|
CRESTANI, MAURIZIO (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.272.15.9802|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|