A highly selective affinity labeling procedure has been applied to map the active center of DNA primase from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Enzyme molecules that have been modified by covalent attachment of benzaldehyde derivatives of adenine nucleotides are autocatalytically labeled by incubation with a radioactive ribonucleoside triphosphate. The affinity labeling of primase requires a template DNA, is not affected by DNase and RNase treatments, but is sensitive to proteinase K. Both the p58 and p48 subunits of yeast DNA primase appear to participate in the formation of the catalytic site of the enzyme, although UV-photocross-linking with [alpha-32P]ATP locates the ribonucleoside triphosphate binding site exclusively on the p48 polypeptide. The fixation of the radioactive product has been carried out also after the enzymatic reaction. Under this condition the RNA primers synthesized by the DNA polymerase-primase complex under uncoupled DNA synthesis conditions are linked to both DNA primase and DNA polymerase. When DNA synthesis is allowed to proceed first, the labeled RNA chains are fixed exclusively to the DNA polymerase polypeptide. These results, in accord with previous data, have been used to propose a model illustrating the interactions and the putative roles of the polypeptides of the DNA polymerase-primase complex.

Affinity labeling of the active center and ribonucleoside triphosphate binding site of yeast DNA primase / M. Foiani, A. J. Lindner, G. R. Hartmann, G. Lucchini, P. Plevani. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 264:4(1989 Feb 05), pp. 2189-94-2194.

Affinity labeling of the active center and ribonucleoside triphosphate binding site of yeast DNA primase

M. Foiani
Primo
;
P. Plevani
Ultimo
1989-02-05

Abstract

A highly selective affinity labeling procedure has been applied to map the active center of DNA primase from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Enzyme molecules that have been modified by covalent attachment of benzaldehyde derivatives of adenine nucleotides are autocatalytically labeled by incubation with a radioactive ribonucleoside triphosphate. The affinity labeling of primase requires a template DNA, is not affected by DNase and RNase treatments, but is sensitive to proteinase K. Both the p58 and p48 subunits of yeast DNA primase appear to participate in the formation of the catalytic site of the enzyme, although UV-photocross-linking with [alpha-32P]ATP locates the ribonucleoside triphosphate binding site exclusively on the p48 polypeptide. The fixation of the radioactive product has been carried out also after the enzymatic reaction. Under this condition the RNA primers synthesized by the DNA polymerase-primase complex under uncoupled DNA synthesis conditions are linked to both DNA primase and DNA polymerase. When DNA synthesis is allowed to proceed first, the labeled RNA chains are fixed exclusively to the DNA polymerase polypeptide. These results, in accord with previous data, have been used to propose a model illustrating the interactions and the putative roles of the polypeptides of the DNA polymerase-primase complex.
DNA Primase; Affinity Labels; Models, Molecular; RNA Nucleotidyltransferases; Adenosine Triphosphate; DNA Replication; Structure-Activity Relationship; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Protein Conformation; Binding Sites
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/189023
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