Standardised growth indices (Z-scores of weight-for-age, WA, length-for-age, LA, weight-for-length, WL, according to the reference data of the World Health Organization) have been compared for the first 4 months of life among 119 infants born to mothers affected by the type-1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Infants were subdivided according to their HIV serostatus and the clinical expression of the disease. Uninfected status (n = 92), late (>6 months, n = 18) and early (<3 months, n = 9) onset of symptoms among the HIV infected defined three groups. Infants with early symptoms showed the lowest median WA and LA Z-scores at all times and the LA difference with their uninfected counterparts was already significant at birth. Infants with late symptoms showed early differences in WL and then in WA also compared with the uninfected ones. A < -0.40 LA Z-score at birth gave a 5.9 relative risk (RR) to be an infant with early symptoms (95% CI = 1.2-27.4) while a negative WL Z-score at 2 months of age gave a 4.2 RR for the HIV seropositivity (95% CI = 2.1-8.3). CONCLUSION: Linear growth is the first parameter to be negatively affected among human immunodeficiency virus seropositive infants with early symptoms. In infants with late symptoms the lack of rapid WA and WL increase found among uninfected patients may be viewed as an early anthropometric indicator of HIV status.
Anthropometric indicators of human immunodeficiency virus infection in infants with early and late symptoms in the first months of life / C. Agostoni, E. Riva, M.L. Giannì, M. Silano, M. Giovannini, G.V. Zuccotti. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 0340-6199. - 157:10(1998 Oct), pp. 811-813.
|Titolo:||Anthropometric indicators of human immunodeficiency virus infection in infants with early and late symptoms in the first months of life|
AGOSTONI, CARLO VIRGINIO (Primo)
RIVA, ENRICA LICIA (Secondo)
GIOVANNINI, MARCELLO (Penultimo)
ZUCCOTTI, GIAN VINCENZO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||HIV ; infected infants ; HIV-uninfected infants ; infant growth|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004310050941|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|