The development of body mass index (BMI) was measured during the first 6 months of life in three groups of infants [human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -uninfected, n = 92; later symptomatic HIV-infected, n = 18; early symptomatic HIV-infected, n = 9] born to HIV-positive mothers and compared with a reference group (n = 65) born to healthy mothers. A trend towards lower values in the two groups of HIV-infected infants was already evident at birth. Among the four groups, HIV-uninfected infants showed the highest BMI values while the early-infected infants showed the lowest BMI values at all measurements. The later-infected group had a value close to the reference at 1 month, and then increased at slower rates than the uninfected and the reference groups. Infants born to HIV-positive mothers may have higher energy and nutrient requirements after birth, either to sustain an increased BMI development (when uninfected) or to meet catabolic mechanisms (when infected).

Body mass index development during the first 6 months of life in infants born to human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive mothers / C. Agostoni, G.V. Zuccotti, M.L. Giannì, E. D'Auria, M. Giovannini, E. Riva. - In: ACTA PAEDIATRICA. - ISSN 0803-5253. - 87:4(1998 Apr), pp. 378-380.

Body mass index development during the first 6 months of life in infants born to human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive mothers

C. Agostoni;G.V. Zuccotti;M.L. Giannì;E. D'Auria;M. Giovannini;E. Riva
1998-04

Abstract

The development of body mass index (BMI) was measured during the first 6 months of life in three groups of infants [human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -uninfected, n = 92; later symptomatic HIV-infected, n = 18; early symptomatic HIV-infected, n = 9] born to HIV-positive mothers and compared with a reference group (n = 65) born to healthy mothers. A trend towards lower values in the two groups of HIV-infected infants was already evident at birth. Among the four groups, HIV-uninfected infants showed the highest BMI values while the early-infected infants showed the lowest BMI values at all measurements. The later-infected group had a value close to the reference at 1 month, and then increased at slower rates than the uninfected and the reference groups. Infants born to HIV-positive mothers may have higher energy and nutrient requirements after birth, either to sustain an increased BMI development (when uninfected) or to meet catabolic mechanisms (when infected).
Body mass index; HIV infection; Infant growth
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
ACTA PAEDIATRICA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/188951
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