The solitary pulmonary nodule often presents a diagnostic challenge to the specialist because the nature of the nodule is often indeterminate at the end of the usual diagnostic process, and operation frequently is required before a definite diagnosis can be made. We have conducted a randomized, prospective trial to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of video-assisted thoracic surgery versus muscle-sparing lateral thoracotomy. Berween January 1991 and May 1994, 44 patients suffering from solitary pulmonary nodule were divided at random into two groups: the nodule was removed in 22 cases by video-assisted thoracic surgery and in 22 cases by lateral thoracotomy. Nineteen wedge resections, 1 segmentectomy, and 2 lobectomies were performed in the first group and 13 wedge resections, 8 segmentectomies, and 1 lobectomy in the second group. An 'access' thoracotomy had to be performed in 5 patients in the video-assisted thoracic surgery group. The operating room time was 97.2 ± 32.9 minutes in the video-assisted thoracic surgery group and 130.5 ± 14 minutes in the lateral thoracotomy group (p > 0.05). In both groups a final diagnosis was made in 100% of cases. The postoperative hospital stay was 4.6 ± 1.08 days in the video-assisted thoracic surgery group and 7.8 ± 0.89 days in the lateral thoracotomy group (p < 0.01). Pain was evaluated on a visual analogue scale; the scores were 26.5 ± 11.6 in the video-assisted thoracic surgery group and 48.3 ± 12.8 in the lateral thoracotomy group (p < 0.05). On the basis of the results obtained in this trial, video-assisted thoracic surgery seems to be as effective as lateral thoracotomy in the diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodule, but causes less discomfort to the patients and requires a shorter period of hospitalization.
Videothoracoscopy versus thoracotomy for the diagnosis of the indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodule / L. Santambrogio, M. Nosotti, N. Bellaviti, M. Mezzetti. - In: ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 0003-4975. - 59:4(1995 Apr), pp. 868-870.
|Titolo:||Videothoracoscopy versus thoracotomy for the diagnosis of the indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodule|
SANTAMBROGIO, LUIGI (Primo)
NOSOTTI, MARIO (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-4975(94)00952-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|