Estrogen deficiency is one of the factors involved in the stress incontinence in postmenopausal women, and estrogens have been used clinically in the treatment of urinary disorders during menopause. Sex hormones seem to be also involved in the diabetic changes of urinary bladder and urethra, because ovariectomy causes an increase in the micturition of streptozotocin-diabetic rats. In the present study diabetic and healthy female rats were used to investigate the effect of 17beta-estradiol on mechanical contractions to norepinephrine and to KCI and relaxations to ATP on isolated proximal urethral preparations as well as on contractions to ACh, ATP and KCl on detrusor smooth muscle strips. The data were compared with those obtained in OVX animals, with or without estradiol replacement. The present study showed that ovariectomy decreased the responses to ATP, NE and KCl in urethral preparations, and responses to ATP, ACh and KCl in bladder strips from both healthy and diabetic rats. Diabetes appeared to potentiate the effect of ovariectomy in both tissues. Estrogen replacement was able to recover functional responses in urethras of healthy rats. In diabetic rats, this treatment partially restored ATP-induced responses in both tissues, almost completely restored those to NE in urethra and those to ACh in bladder. This study clearly indicated that abnormalities of urethra and bladder function caused by ovariectomy can be restored by estrogen treatment also in diabetic animals, at least at an early stage of disease.

Diabetes influences the effect of 17beta-estradiol on mechanical responses of rat urethra and detrusor strips / C. Pinna, R. Zanardo, A. Cignarella, C. Bolego, I. Eberini, F. Nardi, V. Zancan, L. Puglisi. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - 66:7(2000), pp. 617-627.

Diabetes influences the effect of 17beta-estradiol on mechanical responses of rat urethra and detrusor strips

C. Pinna;I. Eberini;L. Puglisi
2000

Abstract

Estrogen deficiency is one of the factors involved in the stress incontinence in postmenopausal women, and estrogens have been used clinically in the treatment of urinary disorders during menopause. Sex hormones seem to be also involved in the diabetic changes of urinary bladder and urethra, because ovariectomy causes an increase in the micturition of streptozotocin-diabetic rats. In the present study diabetic and healthy female rats were used to investigate the effect of 17beta-estradiol on mechanical contractions to norepinephrine and to KCI and relaxations to ATP on isolated proximal urethral preparations as well as on contractions to ACh, ATP and KCl on detrusor smooth muscle strips. The data were compared with those obtained in OVX animals, with or without estradiol replacement. The present study showed that ovariectomy decreased the responses to ATP, NE and KCl in urethral preparations, and responses to ATP, ACh and KCl in bladder strips from both healthy and diabetic rats. Diabetes appeared to potentiate the effect of ovariectomy in both tissues. Estrogen replacement was able to recover functional responses in urethras of healthy rats. In diabetic rats, this treatment partially restored ATP-induced responses in both tissues, almost completely restored those to NE in urethra and those to ACh in bladder. This study clearly indicated that abnormalities of urethra and bladder function caused by ovariectomy can be restored by estrogen treatment also in diabetic animals, at least at an early stage of disease.
Animals ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Urinary Bladder ; Estradiol ; Potassium Chloride ; Rats ; Rats, Sprague-Dawley ; Norepinephrine ; Ovariectomy; Adenosine Triphosphate ; Muscle Contraction ; Female ; Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental ; Urethra
Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/188936
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