To assess the results of myringoplasty in children and determine the factors influencing post-operative results a retrospective study of the anatomical and functional results of 41 myringoplasties in children was performed, considering only the cases of uncomplicated perforation that did not require ossiculoplasty or mastoidectomy. The overall success rate was 80.5 per cent after a mean follow-up of 39 months. The mean post-operative air conduction threshold significantly improved in the successful cases with a mean audiological improvement of 11 dB (p<0.05). No post-operative sensorineural hearing loss was observed. There was a significant statistical association between the presence of a dry ear at the time of surgery and good surgical results (p<0.01). Surgical outcome was not affected by the patient's age, the site and size of the perforation, previous adenoidectomy, surgical technique (overlay vs underlay), or the status of the contralateral ear. Our findings suggest that myringoplasty is a valid procedure in the paediatric population that gives good anatomical and functional results. The status of the middle ear (i.e. the presence of a dry ear), significantly improves surgical outcome; and so careful inflammatory changes in the middle-ear mucosa should be evaluated and medical treatment considered before surgery.

Myringoplasty in children: anatomical and functional results / L Pignataro, L Grillo Della Berta, P Capaccio, A Zaghis. - In: JOURNAL OF LARYNGOLOGY AND OTOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-2151. - 115:5(2001 May), pp. 369-373.

Myringoplasty in children: anatomical and functional results

L Pignataro
Primo
;
P Capaccio
Penultimo
;
2001-05

Abstract

To assess the results of myringoplasty in children and determine the factors influencing post-operative results a retrospective study of the anatomical and functional results of 41 myringoplasties in children was performed, considering only the cases of uncomplicated perforation that did not require ossiculoplasty or mastoidectomy. The overall success rate was 80.5 per cent after a mean follow-up of 39 months. The mean post-operative air conduction threshold significantly improved in the successful cases with a mean audiological improvement of 11 dB (p<0.05). No post-operative sensorineural hearing loss was observed. There was a significant statistical association between the presence of a dry ear at the time of surgery and good surgical results (p<0.01). Surgical outcome was not affected by the patient's age, the site and size of the perforation, previous adenoidectomy, surgical technique (overlay vs underlay), or the status of the contralateral ear. Our findings suggest that myringoplasty is a valid procedure in the paediatric population that gives good anatomical and functional results. The status of the middle ear (i.e. the presence of a dry ear), significantly improves surgical outcome; and so careful inflammatory changes in the middle-ear mucosa should be evaluated and medical treatment considered before surgery.
Child; Ear Middle; Surgical Procedures, Operative
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/188861
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