A screening for hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors was carried out during 1981 in a population of 1142 subjects (675 males and 467 females) aged 14-18 years. Aim of the study was to analyze the distribution of blood pressure values and of variables possibly associated with hypertension in a population of adolescents. The mean value of systolic blood pressure was higher in males than in females, slightly increasing with age in males and decreasing in females. The diastolic blood pressure was similar, and increased with age in both sexes. The prevalence of individuals with systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg resulted of 16.1% in males and of 5.6% in females; the prevalence of adolescents with diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90 mmHg was much lower, being of 2.5% and 1.5% respectively. The average value of heart rate was higher in females and decreased with age in both sexes. Males showed significantly greater height and weight, but the body mass index was nearly equal in the two sexes; females had thicker skinfolds. All these variables only in males were clearly associated with age. Among anamnestic variables, only smoking habits, alcohol consumption and physical activity were significantly different in the two sexes. A positive family history for hypertension was present in 31.4% of the adolescents in whom an objective assessment was possible. In both sexes the systolic blood pressure appeared significantly related to heart rate, body weight, body mass index and skinfold thickness.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

A screening for hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors was carried out during 1981 in a population of 1142 subjects (675 males and 467 females) aged 14-18 years. Aim of the study was to analyze the distribution of blood pressure values and of variables possibly associated with hypertension in a population of adolescents. The mean value of systolic blood pressure was higher in males than in females, slightly increasing with age in males and decreasing in females. The diastolic blood pressure was similar, and increased with age in both sexes. The prevalence of individuals with systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg resulted of 16.1% in males and of 5.6% in females; the prevalence of adolescents with diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90 mmHg was much lower, being of 2.5% and 1.5% respectively. The average value of heart rate was higher in females and decreased with age in both sexes. Males showed significantly greater height and weight, but the body mass index was nearly equal in the two sexes; females had thicker skinfolds. All these variables only in males were clearly associated with age. Among anamnestic variables, only smoking habits, alcohol consumption and physical activity were significantly different in the two sexes. A positive family history for hypertension was present in 31.4% of the adolescents in whom an objective assessment was possible. In both sexes the systolic blood pressure appeared significantly related to heart rate, body weight, body mass index and skinfold thickness.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

[Association between arterial pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors in adolescence] / M. Radice, D. Alberti, C. Alli, F. Avanzini, A. Decarli, M. Di Tullio, G. Mariotti, E. Taioli, A. Zussino. - In: GIORNALE ITALIANO DI CARDIOLOGIA. - ISSN 1827-6806. - 15:1(1985 Jan), pp. 45-53.

[Association between arterial pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors in adolescence]

A. Decarli;
1985-01

Abstract

A screening for hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors was carried out during 1981 in a population of 1142 subjects (675 males and 467 females) aged 14-18 years. Aim of the study was to analyze the distribution of blood pressure values and of variables possibly associated with hypertension in a population of adolescents. The mean value of systolic blood pressure was higher in males than in females, slightly increasing with age in males and decreasing in females. The diastolic blood pressure was similar, and increased with age in both sexes. The prevalence of individuals with systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg resulted of 16.1% in males and of 5.6% in females; the prevalence of adolescents with diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90 mmHg was much lower, being of 2.5% and 1.5% respectively. The average value of heart rate was higher in females and decreased with age in both sexes. Males showed significantly greater height and weight, but the body mass index was nearly equal in the two sexes; females had thicker skinfolds. All these variables only in males were clearly associated with age. Among anamnestic variables, only smoking habits, alcohol consumption and physical activity were significantly different in the two sexes. A positive family history for hypertension was present in 31.4% of the adolescents in whom an objective assessment was possible. In both sexes the systolic blood pressure appeared significantly related to heart rate, body weight, body mass index and skinfold thickness.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
A screening for hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors was carried out during 1981 in a population of 1142 subjects (675 males and 467 females) aged 14-18 years. Aim of the study was to analyze the distribution of blood pressure values and of variables possibly associated with hypertension in a population of adolescents. The mean value of systolic blood pressure was higher in males than in females, slightly increasing with age in males and decreasing in females. The diastolic blood pressure was similar, and increased with age in both sexes. The prevalence of individuals with systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg resulted of 16.1% in males and of 5.6% in females; the prevalence of adolescents with diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90 mmHg was much lower, being of 2.5% and 1.5% respectively. The average value of heart rate was higher in females and decreased with age in both sexes. Males showed significantly greater height and weight, but the body mass index was nearly equal in the two sexes; females had thicker skinfolds. All these variables only in males were clearly associated with age. Among anamnestic variables, only smoking habits, alcohol consumption and physical activity were significantly different in the two sexes. A positive family history for hypertension was present in 31.4% of the adolescents in whom an objective assessment was possible. In both sexes the systolic blood pressure appeared significantly related to heart rate, body weight, body mass index and skinfold thickness.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Risk; Mass Screening; Blood Pressure; Humans; Adolescent; Male; Italy; Female; Hypertension
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/188788
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