The spontaneous transfer between membranes of GM3, a ganglioside present in a vesicular form of aggregation instead of micellar form like the majority of gangliosides in aqueous medium, has been studied. Upon incubation of GM3 in the presence of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) large unilamellar vesicles at 50 degrees C, mixed GM3/DPPC vesicles are formed. The maximum amount of GM3 that can be inserted into vesicles is about 8%. The temperature dependence of the kinetics has been followed by the excimer formation technique, using the fluorescent analogue pyrenyldodecanoyl-GM3. The transfer of ganglioside from its vesicles to DPPC vesicles depends on the physicochemical characteristics of both the donor and of the acceptor vesicles and increases with the temperature (k = 0.006 0.012, 0.037 at 30, 41 and 50 degrees C, respectively), with a major break point at 41 degrees C and a minor one at 35 degrees C. These temperatures correspond to the gel- to liquid-crystalline transition of DPPC (T-m=41.3 degrees C), and to a temperature transition displayed by GM3 ganglioside. Similar experiments performed with erythrocyte ghosts yielded a rate constant of 0.04 at 37 degrees C. For the transfer of ganglioside from DPPC (donor) to DMPC (acceptor) the rate constants were 0 at 15 degrees C (both phospholipids in the gel phase), 0.005 at 37 degrees C (donor in the gel phase, acceptor in the fluid phase) and 0.04 at 50 degrees C (both phospholipids in the fluid phase). The fastest kinetics were observed when both donor and acceptor membranes were in the fluid state. The kinetics was not affected by the physical state and by the lipid moiety of acceptor phosphatidylcholine when the donor was in the gel phase. The data obtained suggest that GM3 transfer occurs via monomers through the aqueous medium and that the rate-limiting step is the off-rate of the ganglioside from the donor membrane.
|Titolo:||SPONTANEOUS TRANSFER OF GM3 GANGLIOSIDE BETWEEN VESICLES|
OMODEO SALE', MARIA FAUSTA (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0009-3084(95)02474-W|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|