bstract The cause of acute viral hepatitis in 141 patients admitted to both Infectious Diseases Hospitals in Harare (Zimbabwe) was hepatitis A in 44, hepatitis B in 86 and hepatitis Non-A Non-B in 11. The wide distribution of hepatitis A and B viruses and early exposure to both in Zimbabwe are shown by the high positivity rate for anti-HAV antibody in patients under 10 years old (87.5%) and for anti-HBs antibody in patients over 20 (60%). Among the 86 hepatitis B cases, e and delta systems were also investigated: 66 patients (76.5%) were HBeAg positive, six (7%) anti-HBe positive and 14 (16.5%) negative for both; only one was anti-delta positive. Two cases of fulminant liver failure (both occurring in HBsAg and anti-HBc IgM positive, but delta-markers negative patients) and five cases of hepatoma (only one of whom was negative for all HBV markers) are described.
The etiology of acute hepatitis in Zimbabwe. / P. Crocchiolo, F. Caredda, A. d'Arminio Monforte, R. Lencioni, M.C. Ragni, S. Cenzuales, P. Farci, C. Lavarini, A.S. Latif.. - In: TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE. - ISSN 0035-9203. - 78:4(1984), pp. 514-518.
|Titolo:||The etiology of acute hepatitis in Zimbabwe.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1984|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0035-9203(84)90074-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|