The hierarchical reference theory of fluids (HRT) is applied to the study of the phase diagram of binary mixtures of simple fluids. This approach implements the renormalization group machinery into a liquid-state theory in order to systematically deal with the effect of long-range correlations which play a crucial role in the onset of criticality and phase separation. The effect of fluctuations is embodied in a partial differential equation (PDE) for the free energy of the mixture. Recently, a robust numerical algorithm has been developed which enabled us to integrate this PDE on a substantial density mesh even at low temperature, when the coexistence region spreads over most of the density-concentration plane. We have considered a model mixture of spherical particles interacting via a hard-core plus attractive tail potential, and adjusted the particle diameters sigma(1), sigma(2) and the strengths of the attractive interactions epsilon(11), epsilon(22), epsilon(12) so as to mimic mixtures of simple fluids such as argon-krypton or neon-krypton. In the latter case the theory reproduces the occurrence of a minimum in the critical temperature (the so-called critical double point) and of immiscibility at high pressure. We have also studied the phase diagram of a symmetric mixture such that sigma(1) = sigma(2) and epsilon(11) = epsilon(22) as the ratio delta = epsilon(12)/epsilon(11) is varied. In particular, we find that, in agreement with the mean-field picture, by decreasing delta, a critical endpoint occurring at equal species concentration is turned into a tricritical point. An interesting feature of the HRT is that, whenever phase coexistence occurs, the conditions of phase equilibria are implemented by the theory itself, without any need of enforcing them a posteriori. This allows one to straightforwardly map the phase diagram and the critical lines of the mixture.

Fluctuations-inclusive approach to phase transitions in binary mixtures / D. Pini, A. Parola, L. Reatto. - In: JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0022-4715. - 100:1/2(2000 Jul), pp. 13-38. [10.1023/A:1018657307050]

Fluctuations-inclusive approach to phase transitions in binary mixtures

D. Pini
Primo
;
L. Reatto
Ultimo
2000-07

Abstract

The hierarchical reference theory of fluids (HRT) is applied to the study of the phase diagram of binary mixtures of simple fluids. This approach implements the renormalization group machinery into a liquid-state theory in order to systematically deal with the effect of long-range correlations which play a crucial role in the onset of criticality and phase separation. The effect of fluctuations is embodied in a partial differential equation (PDE) for the free energy of the mixture. Recently, a robust numerical algorithm has been developed which enabled us to integrate this PDE on a substantial density mesh even at low temperature, when the coexistence region spreads over most of the density-concentration plane. We have considered a model mixture of spherical particles interacting via a hard-core plus attractive tail potential, and adjusted the particle diameters sigma(1), sigma(2) and the strengths of the attractive interactions epsilon(11), epsilon(22), epsilon(12) so as to mimic mixtures of simple fluids such as argon-krypton or neon-krypton. In the latter case the theory reproduces the occurrence of a minimum in the critical temperature (the so-called critical double point) and of immiscibility at high pressure. We have also studied the phase diagram of a symmetric mixture such that sigma(1) = sigma(2) and epsilon(11) = epsilon(22) as the ratio delta = epsilon(12)/epsilon(11) is varied. In particular, we find that, in agreement with the mean-field picture, by decreasing delta, a critical endpoint occurring at equal species concentration is turned into a tricritical point. An interesting feature of the HRT is that, whenever phase coexistence occurs, the conditions of phase equilibria are implemented by the theory itself, without any need of enforcing them a posteriori. This allows one to straightforwardly map the phase diagram and the critical lines of the mixture.
Argon-krypton mixture; Binary mixtures; Critical points; Fluctuations; Neon krypton mixture; Phase diagram; Symmetric mixture
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/188618
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