Two hundred and forty-five dogs were examined serologically for the presence of antibodies against different serovars of Leptospira interrogans. The dogs belonged to five different groups: group 1 was composed of clinically healthy pet dogs referred for a regular veterinary check-up visit or for vaccination; group 2 was composed of stray dogs; and groups 3, 4 and 5 were composed of dogs maintained in three different kennels which had varying standards of hygiene. Seventy-two out of the 245 dogs examined were seropositive for leptospirosis. In group 1, there were 3-4 per cent seropositive dogs; In group 2, 30-3 per cent; in group 3, 13-8 per cent; in group 4, 38-6 per cent; and in group 5, 49-2 per cent. This study demonstrates that leptospiral infection is common in dogs housed in kennels, despite most of them being vaccinated, and that crowding of animals into unsanitary quarters is associated with a high prevalence of infection. The most common infecting serovars found were bratislava and grippotyphosa, confirming recent observations that demonstrate a significant change in the epidemiology of canine leptospirosis.

Serological survey of leptospiral infection in kennelled dogs in Italy / E. SCANZIANI, F. ORIGGI, A.M. GIUSTI, G. IACCHIA, A. VASINO, G. PIROVANO, P. SCARPA, S. TAGLIABUE. - In: JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE. - ISSN 0022-4510. - 43:4(2002), pp. 154-157.

Serological survey of leptospiral infection in kennelled dogs in Italy

E. SCANZIANI
Primo
;
F. ORIGGI
Secondo
;
P. SCARPA
Penultimo
;
S. TAGLIABUE
Ultimo
2002

Abstract

Two hundred and forty-five dogs were examined serologically for the presence of antibodies against different serovars of Leptospira interrogans. The dogs belonged to five different groups: group 1 was composed of clinically healthy pet dogs referred for a regular veterinary check-up visit or for vaccination; group 2 was composed of stray dogs; and groups 3, 4 and 5 were composed of dogs maintained in three different kennels which had varying standards of hygiene. Seventy-two out of the 245 dogs examined were seropositive for leptospirosis. In group 1, there were 3-4 per cent seropositive dogs; In group 2, 30-3 per cent; in group 3, 13-8 per cent; in group 4, 38-6 per cent; and in group 5, 49-2 per cent. This study demonstrates that leptospiral infection is common in dogs housed in kennels, despite most of them being vaccinated, and that crowding of animals into unsanitary quarters is associated with a high prevalence of infection. The most common infecting serovars found were bratislava and grippotyphosa, confirming recent observations that demonstrate a significant change in the epidemiology of canine leptospirosis.
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/188402
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