After early rises, oesophageal cancer mortality rates have tended to level off in Italy over the last two decades, and are now intermediate on a European scale (4.7/100000 males, 0.8/100000 females, world standard). This reflects the trends in consumption of the major risk factors for the disease, tobacco and alcohol, particularly in men. Within Italy, there is also a substantial variation in oesophageal cancer rates, with high mortality areas in the North-East of the country. On the basis of a case-control study conducted in northern Italy, the relative risk (RR) of the disease was 4.3 in heavy smokers and 3.5 in heavy drinkers. A diet poor in fresh fruit and vegetables was also related to the risk of the disease (RR = 2.5). In terms of population attributable risk, 71% of cases in men and 32% in women were accounted for tobacco smoking, 45% in males and 10% in females by alcohol drinking, 40% in men and 29% in women by a diet poor in fresh fruit and vegetables (and hence in beta-carotene). These three factors together accounted for 90% of cases in Italian men, and 58% in women (83% in both sexes combined).
DECARLI, ADRIANO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Epidemiology; Italy; Risk factors|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|