Thrombin cleaves single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA) to a two-chain derivative (tcu-PA) fibrinolytically inactive. This reaction was accelerated in vitro by purified rabbit lung thrombomodulin in equimolar complex with thrombin. Polyclonal antibodies to rabbit thrombomodulin prevented this effect. We also observed that heparin and other sulfated polysaccharides had an accelerating effect on thrombin cleavage of recombinant scu-PA. Their effect was concentration-dependent and then reversed at high levels. The effect of heparin and heparan sulfate was independent and synergic with respect to thrombomodulin. All observations except the effect of heparin, could be confirmed in a Langendorff isolated rabbit heart model. From competition experiments carried out with scu-PA derivatives and mutants, we postulate that the amino-terminal sequence of rscu-PA, containing the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like and the kringle domains is involved in the cofactor effect of thrombomodulin on scu-PA inactivation by thrombin. We conclude that a regulatory mechanism of scu-PA inactivation is present at the cell surface.
|Titolo:||THROMBOMODULIN IS A COFACTOR FOR THROMBIN DEGRADATION OF RECOMBINANT SINGLE-CHAIN UROKINASE PLASMINOGEN-ACTIVATOR INVITRO AND IN A PERFUSED RABBIT HEART MODEL|
|Parole Chiave:||thrombomodulin ; u-pa|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|