The protein components of human lipoproteins, apolipoproteins, allow the redistribution of cholesterol from the arterial wall to other tissues and exert beneficial effects on systems involved in the development of arterial lesions, like inflammation and hemostasis. Because of these properties, the antiatherogenic apolipoproteins, particularly apo A-I and apo E, may provide an innovative approach to the management of vascular diseases. The recent availability of extractive or biosynthetic molecules is allowing a detailed overview of their therapeutic potential in a number of animal models of arterial disease. Infusions of apo E, or more dramatically, of apo A-I, both recombinant or extractive, cause a direct reduction of the atherosclerotic burden in experimental animals. Naturally, as the apo A-I(Milano) (apo A- I(M)) dimer, or engineered recombinant apolipoproteins with prolonged permanence in plasma and improved function may offer an even better approach to the therapeutic handling of arterial disease. This progress will go on in parallel with innovations in the technologies for direct, non invasive assessments of human atherosclerosis, thus allowing closer monitoring of this potential new approach to therapy.

Recombinant apolipoproteins for the treatment of vascular diseases / C. Sirtori, L. Calabresi, G. Franceschini. - In: ATHEROSCLEROSIS. - ISSN 0021-9150. - 142:1(1999), pp. 29-40.

Recombinant apolipoproteins for the treatment of vascular diseases

C. Sirtori
Primo
;
L. Calabresi
Secondo
;
G. Franceschini
Ultimo
1999

Abstract

The protein components of human lipoproteins, apolipoproteins, allow the redistribution of cholesterol from the arterial wall to other tissues and exert beneficial effects on systems involved in the development of arterial lesions, like inflammation and hemostasis. Because of these properties, the antiatherogenic apolipoproteins, particularly apo A-I and apo E, may provide an innovative approach to the management of vascular diseases. The recent availability of extractive or biosynthetic molecules is allowing a detailed overview of their therapeutic potential in a number of animal models of arterial disease. Infusions of apo E, or more dramatically, of apo A-I, both recombinant or extractive, cause a direct reduction of the atherosclerotic burden in experimental animals. Naturally, as the apo A-I(Milano) (apo A- I(M)) dimer, or engineered recombinant apolipoproteins with prolonged permanence in plasma and improved function may offer an even better approach to the therapeutic handling of arterial disease. This progress will go on in parallel with innovations in the technologies for direct, non invasive assessments of human atherosclerosis, thus allowing closer monitoring of this potential new approach to therapy.
Apoliproteins; Insulin; Lipoproteins
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/187933
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