To evaluate the role of endothelin (ET) in respiratory homeostasis we studied the effects of the ET(A) and ET(B) receptor blocking agent bosentan on respiratory mechanics and control in seven anaesthetised spontaneously breathing pigs, for 180 min after single bolus administration (20 mg/kg i.v.). The results show that the block of ET receptors induced a significant increase in compliance and decrease in resistance of the respiratory system, entailing a significant reduction of diaphragmatic electromyographic activity, without affecting the centroid frequency of the power spectrum. Bosentan administration induced a significant increase in tidal volume (V(T)), accompanied by a significant decrease in respiratory frequency, without any significant change in pulmonary ventilation, CO(2) arterial blood gas pressure or pH. Since the relationship between V(T) and inspiratory time remained substantially constant after bosentan administration, the changes in respiratory pattern appear to be the result of an upward shift in inspiratory off-switch threshold. Both inspiratory and expiratory times during occluded breathing were increased by block of ET receptors, suggesting also a central respiratory neuromodulator effect of ET. In conclusion the present results suggest that the block of ET receptors in spontaneously breathing pigs exerts a role on mechanical properties of the respiratory system as well as on peripheral and central mechanisms of breathing control.
Endothelin involvement in respiratory centre activity / M. Albertini, C.L. Lafortuna, B. Ciminaghi, S. Mazzola, M.G. Clement. - In: PROSTAGLANDINS LEUKOTRIENES AND ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS. - ISSN 0952-3278. - 65:3(2001), pp. 157-163.
|Titolo:||Endothelin involvement in respiratory centre activity|
ALBERTINI, MARIANGELA (Primo)
MAZZOLA, SILVIA MICHELA (Penultimo)
CLEMENT, MARIA GIOVANNA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1054/plef.2001.0304|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|