In anaesthetised, paralysed and mechanically ventilated pigs we evaluated the involvement of ET-1 on PAF-dependent respiratory effects, blocking ET A and ETB receptors with BQ123 and BQ788 respectively. To avoid interference by nitric oxide we used L-NAME, an inhibitor of both NO synthases. The results show that PAF causes a decrease in Crs and an increase in Pmax and Pst, evidencing that the change in Rrs is due to a bron-choconstrictor effect and to a change in viscoelastic properties of the respiratory system. PAF did not significantly affect systemic arterial pressure, while caused a marked increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP). The block of ET-1 receptors partially reduced the respiratory effects elicited by PAF, but did not affect the changes in MPAP. In conclusion our results evidence that PAF favours a release of ET-1. This peptide strengthened PAF-dependent bronchoconstriction and impairs viscoelastic properties of the respiratory system.
|Titolo:||Involvement of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in PAF-dependent respiratory effects|
ALBERTINI, MARIANGELA (Primo)
MAZZOLA, SILVIA MICHELA (Secondo)
CLEMENT, MARIA GIOVANNA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|