An investigation was undertaken to demonstrate whether therapeutic treatment with ACTH raises hydrocortisone (cortisol) levels in horse urine above the limit (1000 ng/ml) established by the International Conference of Racing Authorities with the aim of controlling the abuse of cortisol and ACTH in equine sports. ACTH (200 iu) was administered i.m. to 3 Thoroughbred horses; urine and blood samples were collected at intervals afterwards and analysed by an immunoenzymatic system (ELISA) and HPLC-MS. To ascertain post exercise cortisol levels in untreated horses, 101 urine and 103 serum samples were taken from horses immediately after racing and analysed by ELISA. The peak urine level of cortisol, detected 8 h after ACTH administration, was around 600 ng/ml using either ELISA or HPLC-MS. The peak serum cortisol concentration was found to be around 250 ng/ml by ELISA, but consistently less by HPLC-MS. Mean cortisol levels in post race horses were 135.1 ± 72.1 ng/ml in urine and 90.1 ± 41.7 ng/ml in serum. High levels of the metabolite 20β-dihydrocortisol in urine and the cortisol precursor 11β-desoxycortisol in serum were found. The latter showed high cross-reactivity with cortisol on ELISA. In our experiment, treatment with ACTH 200 iu i.m. did not raise urinary cortisol levels above the 1000 ng/ml threshold proposed by the ICRA.
Hydrocortisone levels in the urine and blood of horses treated with ACTH / F. Caloni, M. Spotti, R. Villa, C. Mariani, M. Montana, G. Pompa. - In: EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0425-1644. - 31:4(1999), pp. 273-276.
|Titolo:||Hydrocortisone levels in the urine and blood of horses treated with ACTH|
|Parole Chiave:||ACTH; ELISA; Horse; HPLC-MS; Hydrocortisone|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/07 - Farmacologia e Tossicologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2042-3306.1999.tb03816.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|