BACKGROUND: F2 isoprostanes are stable, free radical-catalyzed products of arachidonic acid that reflect lipid peroxidation in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Specific assays were developed by use of mass spectrometry for the F2 isoprostanes iPF2alpha-III and iPF2alpha-VI and arachidonic acid (AA). Urinary excretion of the 2 F2 isoprostanes was significantly increased in hypercholesterolemic patients, whereas substrate AA in urine did not differ between the groups. iPF2alpha-III (pmol/mmol creatinine) was elevated (P<0.0005) in homozygous familial hypercholesterolemic (HFH) patients (85+/-5. 5; n=38) compared with age- and sex-matched normocholesterolemic control subjects (58+/-4.2; n=38), as were levels of iPF2alpha-VI (281+/-22 versus 175+/-13; P<0.0005). Serum cholesterol correlated with urinary iPF2alpha-III (r=0.41; P<0.02) and iPF2alpha-VI (r=0. 39; P<0.03) in HFH patients. Urinary excretion of iPF2alpha-III (81+/-10 versus 59+/-4; P<0.05) and iPF2alpha-VI (195+/-18 versus 149+/-20; P<0.05) was also increased in moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects (n=24) compared with their controls. Urinary excretion of iPF2alpha-III and iPF2alpha-VI was correlated (r=0.57; P<0.0001; n=106). LDL iPF2alpha-III levels (ng/mg arachidonate) were elevated (P<0.01) in HFH patients (0.32+/-0.08) compared with controls (0.09+/-0.02). The concentrations of iPF2-III in LDL and urine were significantly correlated (r=0.42; P<0.05) in HFH patients. CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic patients with moderate and severe hypercholesterolemia have evidence of oxidant stress in vivo.

Increased formation of distinct F2 isoprostanes in hypercholesterolemia / M. P. Reilly, D. Praticò, N. Delanty, G. DiMinno, E. Tremoli, D. Rader, S. Kapoor, J. Rokach, J. Lawson, G. A. FitzGerald. - In: CIRCULATION. - ISSN 0009-7322. - 98:25(1998), pp. 2822-2828.

Increased formation of distinct F2 isoprostanes in hypercholesterolemia

E. Tremoli;
1998

Abstract

BACKGROUND: F2 isoprostanes are stable, free radical-catalyzed products of arachidonic acid that reflect lipid peroxidation in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Specific assays were developed by use of mass spectrometry for the F2 isoprostanes iPF2alpha-III and iPF2alpha-VI and arachidonic acid (AA). Urinary excretion of the 2 F2 isoprostanes was significantly increased in hypercholesterolemic patients, whereas substrate AA in urine did not differ between the groups. iPF2alpha-III (pmol/mmol creatinine) was elevated (P<0.0005) in homozygous familial hypercholesterolemic (HFH) patients (85+/-5. 5; n=38) compared with age- and sex-matched normocholesterolemic control subjects (58+/-4.2; n=38), as were levels of iPF2alpha-VI (281+/-22 versus 175+/-13; P<0.0005). Serum cholesterol correlated with urinary iPF2alpha-III (r=0.41; P<0.02) and iPF2alpha-VI (r=0. 39; P<0.03) in HFH patients. Urinary excretion of iPF2alpha-III (81+/-10 versus 59+/-4; P<0.05) and iPF2alpha-VI (195+/-18 versus 149+/-20; P<0.05) was also increased in moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects (n=24) compared with their controls. Urinary excretion of iPF2alpha-III and iPF2alpha-VI was correlated (r=0.57; P<0.0001; n=106). LDL iPF2alpha-III levels (ng/mg arachidonate) were elevated (P<0.01) in HFH patients (0.32+/-0.08) compared with controls (0.09+/-0.02). The concentrations of iPF2-III in LDL and urine were significantly correlated (r=0.42; P<0.05) in HFH patients. CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic patients with moderate and severe hypercholesterolemia have evidence of oxidant stress in vivo.
Atherosclerosis; Cholesterol; Eicosanoids
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
CIRCULATION
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/187810
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