BACKGROUND: F2 isoprostanes are stable, free radical-catalyzed products of arachidonic acid that reflect lipid peroxidation in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Specific assays were developed by use of mass spectrometry for the F2 isoprostanes iPF2alpha-III and iPF2alpha-VI and arachidonic acid (AA). Urinary excretion of the 2 F2 isoprostanes was significantly increased in hypercholesterolemic patients, whereas substrate AA in urine did not differ between the groups. iPF2alpha-III (pmol/mmol creatinine) was elevated (P<0.0005) in homozygous familial hypercholesterolemic (HFH) patients (85+/-5. 5; n=38) compared with age- and sex-matched normocholesterolemic control subjects (58+/-4.2; n=38), as were levels of iPF2alpha-VI (281+/-22 versus 175+/-13; P<0.0005). Serum cholesterol correlated with urinary iPF2alpha-III (r=0.41; P<0.02) and iPF2alpha-VI (r=0. 39; P<0.03) in HFH patients. Urinary excretion of iPF2alpha-III (81+/-10 versus 59+/-4; P<0.05) and iPF2alpha-VI (195+/-18 versus 149+/-20; P<0.05) was also increased in moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects (n=24) compared with their controls. Urinary excretion of iPF2alpha-III and iPF2alpha-VI was correlated (r=0.57; P<0.0001; n=106). LDL iPF2alpha-III levels (ng/mg arachidonate) were elevated (P<0.01) in HFH patients (0.32+/-0.08) compared with controls (0.09+/-0.02). The concentrations of iPF2-III in LDL and urine were significantly correlated (r=0.42; P<0.05) in HFH patients. CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic patients with moderate and severe hypercholesterolemia have evidence of oxidant stress in vivo.
|Titolo:||Increased formation of distinct F2 isoprostanes in hypercholesterolemia|
|Parole Chiave:||Atherosclerosis; Cholesterol; Eicosanoids|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1161/01.CIR.98.25.2822|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|