OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relation between impairment of lung diffusion and reduced exercise capacity in chronic heart failure. DESIGN: 40 patients with heart failure in stable clinical condition and 40 controls participated in the study. All subjects underwent standard pulmonary function tests plus measurements of resting lung diffusion (carbon monoxide transfer, TLCO), pulmonary capillary volume (VC), and membrane resistance (DM), and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing. In 20 patients and controls, the following investigations were also done: (1) resting and constant work rate TLCO; (2) maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing with inspiratory O2 fractions of 0.21 and 0.16; and (3) rest and peak exercise blood gases. The other subjects underwent TLCO, DM, and VC measurements during constant work rate exercise. RESULTS: In normoxia, exercise induced reductions of haemoglobin O2 saturation never occurred. With hypoxia, peak exercise uptake (peak O2) decreased from (mean (SD)) 1285 (395) to 1081 (396) ml/min (p < 0.01) in patients, and from 1861 (563) to 1771 (457) ml/min (p < 0.05) in controls. Resting TLCO correlated with peak O2 in heart failure (normoxia < hypoxia). In heart failure patients and normal subjects, TLCO and peak O2 correlated with O2 arterial content at rest and during peak exercise in both normoxia and hypoxia. TLCO, VC, and DM increased during exercise. The increase in TLCO was greater in patients who had a smaller reduction of exercise capacity with hypoxia. Alveolar-arterial O2 gradient at peak correlated with exercise capacity in heart failure during normoxia and, to a greater extent, during hypoxia. CONCLUSIONS: Lung diffusion impairment is related to exercise capacity in heart failure.

Does lung diffusion impairment affect exercise capacity in patients with heart failure? / P.G. Agostoni, M. Bussotti, P. Palermo, M. Guazzi. - In: HEART. - ISSN 1355-6037. - 88:5(2002 Nov), pp. 453-459.

Does lung diffusion impairment affect exercise capacity in patients with heart failure?

P.G. Agostoni
Primo
;
M. Guazzi
Ultimo
2002

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relation between impairment of lung diffusion and reduced exercise capacity in chronic heart failure. DESIGN: 40 patients with heart failure in stable clinical condition and 40 controls participated in the study. All subjects underwent standard pulmonary function tests plus measurements of resting lung diffusion (carbon monoxide transfer, TLCO), pulmonary capillary volume (VC), and membrane resistance (DM), and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing. In 20 patients and controls, the following investigations were also done: (1) resting and constant work rate TLCO; (2) maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing with inspiratory O2 fractions of 0.21 and 0.16; and (3) rest and peak exercise blood gases. The other subjects underwent TLCO, DM, and VC measurements during constant work rate exercise. RESULTS: In normoxia, exercise induced reductions of haemoglobin O2 saturation never occurred. With hypoxia, peak exercise uptake (peak O2) decreased from (mean (SD)) 1285 (395) to 1081 (396) ml/min (p < 0.01) in patients, and from 1861 (563) to 1771 (457) ml/min (p < 0.05) in controls. Resting TLCO correlated with peak O2 in heart failure (normoxia < hypoxia). In heart failure patients and normal subjects, TLCO and peak O2 correlated with O2 arterial content at rest and during peak exercise in both normoxia and hypoxia. TLCO, VC, and DM increased during exercise. The increase in TLCO was greater in patients who had a smaller reduction of exercise capacity with hypoxia. Alveolar-arterial O2 gradient at peak correlated with exercise capacity in heart failure during normoxia and, to a greater extent, during hypoxia. CONCLUSIONS: Lung diffusion impairment is related to exercise capacity in heart failure.
Heart Failure ; Vital Capacity ; Humans ; Forced Expiratory Volume ; Anoxia ; Cardiac Output, Low ; Pulmonary Gas Exchange ; Exercise Test ; Oxygen ; Lung Diseases ; Carbon Monoxide ; Middle Aged ; Blood Gas Analysis ; Chronic Disease ; Exercise Tolerance ; Female ; Male
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/187794
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