N-Glycolylneuraminic acid containing GM1, GM1(NeuGc), was prepared by semisynthetic procedure. The procedure makes use of GM1 ganglioside deacetylated at the level of sialic acid residue (deAc-GM1) and of 1,3-dioxalan-2,4-dione. DeAc-GM1 is prepared from GM1 by alkaline hydrolysis in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide and the glycolylating compound by reaction of glycolic acid with phosgene in dioxane, followed by cyclization under vacuum. Mass spectrometric and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analyses clearly indicated the presence, in the neosynthesized ganglioside of a glycolic group in the sialic acid residue. Laser-light scattering measurements show that GM1(NeuGc) aggregates in aqueous media being present in solution as micelles with a molecular weight of 576,000 and a hydrodynamic radius of 62.4 Å as determined at 25°C. GM1 (NeuGc) promotes neurite outgrowth in N-2a cells to a similar degree as GM1 (NeuAc), but shows different behaviour under treatment with sialidase from Arthrobacter ureafaciens.

SEMISYNTHETIC PREPARATION OF N-GLYCOLYLNEURAMINIC ACID CONTAINING GM1 GANGLIOSIDE - CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION, PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND SOME BIOCHEMICAL FEATURES / S. SONNINO, D. ACQUOTTI, G. FRONZA, L. CANTU, V. CHIGORNO, M. PITTO, G. KIRSCHNER, G. TETTAMANTI. - In: CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS OF LIPIDS. - ISSN 0009-3084. - 46:3(1988), pp. 181-191.

SEMISYNTHETIC PREPARATION OF N-GLYCOLYLNEURAMINIC ACID CONTAINING GM1 GANGLIOSIDE - CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION, PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND SOME BIOCHEMICAL FEATURES

S. SONNINO;L. CANTU;V. CHIGORNO;G. TETTAMANTI
1988

Abstract

N-Glycolylneuraminic acid containing GM1, GM1(NeuGc), was prepared by semisynthetic procedure. The procedure makes use of GM1 ganglioside deacetylated at the level of sialic acid residue (deAc-GM1) and of 1,3-dioxalan-2,4-dione. DeAc-GM1 is prepared from GM1 by alkaline hydrolysis in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide and the glycolylating compound by reaction of glycolic acid with phosgene in dioxane, followed by cyclization under vacuum. Mass spectrometric and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analyses clearly indicated the presence, in the neosynthesized ganglioside of a glycolic group in the sialic acid residue. Laser-light scattering measurements show that GM1(NeuGc) aggregates in aqueous media being present in solution as micelles with a molecular weight of 576,000 and a hydrodynamic radius of 62.4 Å as determined at 25°C. GM1 (NeuGc) promotes neurite outgrowth in N-2a cells to a similar degree as GM1 (NeuAc), but shows different behaviour under treatment with sialidase from Arthrobacter ureafaciens.
ganglioside; laser; N-glycolylneuraminic acid; nuclear magnetic resonance; sialidase
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS OF LIPIDS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/187440
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