Eight lactating cows received 3 im injections at 24 h intervals of a commercial formulation containing dexamethasone. Each treatment provided 25 μg/kg bw/d of dexamethasone acetate, equivalent to 22.6 mg of dexamethasone. Milk samples were obtained before treatment (5 d), during the treatment period, and for up to 22 milking after the last injection. The concentrations of dexamethasone in the milk samples were determined by a commercial competitive immunoenzymatic assay for corticosteroids (detection limit 0.15 ng dexamethasone/ml). The conventional therapeutic dose of dexamethasone acetate caused milk drug concentrations exceeding the tolerated maximum residue limit (0.3 mg/kg). A withdrawal time of 3-3.5 d for dexamethasone in milk provided sufficient protection for consumer health. The commercial enzyme immunoassay kit employed in this study was sufficiently sensitive, easy to use, and appropriate to monitor the use of dexamethasone in lactating animals.
|Titolo:||Determination of dexamethasone in milk of dairy cows by immuno-enzymatic assay|
CALONI, FRANCESCA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/07 - Farmacologia e Tossicologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|