The efficacy of the total substitution of animal proteins with a textured soybean protein in hypercholesterolemic individuals was assayed in 42 in-patients and 18 out-patients. The in-patients studied followed one of three different crossover protocols: in protocol A, the soybean diet was compared with a standard low lipid diet; protocol B compared two soybean diets, one with added cholesterol, one without; and protocol C compared a soybean diet containing a high P/S fatty acid ratio to one with a low P/S ratio. In all three protocols, the soybean regimen provided valid and reproducible hypocholesterolemic effects that were not modified by the addition of cholesterol. P/S variations appeared, however, to modify the final effect: soybean definitely had a decreased effectiveness with a low P/S (0.1) regimen. The overall plasma cholesterol changes in the 42 in-patients after 3 weeks on the different soybean diet protocols was -20%. Patients with type IIA and IIB hypercholesterolemia provided almost equivalent results, whereas patients with mixed phenotypes (IIB-III) appeared somewhat more sensitive to the dietary effect. Cholesterol decreased mostly in the low density lipoprotein fraction, but some very low density lipoprotein changes were also noted upon variation of the P/S ratio. The out-patients studied provided less satisfactory results. possibly due to the difficulty of adequately complying with the diet. These studies indicate that treatment with the soybean diet is an effective regimen for inducing a significant cholesterol reduction in type II patients refractory to standard low lipid regimens.
Clinical experience with the soybean protein diet in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia / C. R. Sirtori, E. Gatti, O. Mantero, F. Conti, E. Agradi, E. Tremoli, M. Sirtori, L. Fraterrigo, L. Tavazzi, D. Kritchevsky. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION. - ISSN 0002-9165. - 32:8(1979 Aug), pp. 1645-1658.
|Titolo:||Clinical experience with the soybean protein diet in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia|
SIRTORI, CESARE (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Humans; Clinical Trials as Topic; Child; Cholesterol; Soybeans; Phenotype; Triglycerides; Adult; Lipoproteins; Middle Aged; Dietary Proteins; Vegetable Proteins; Hypercholesterolemia; Female; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-1979|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|