A monoclonal antibody (L.1), reacting in vitro specifically with L1210 leukaemia cells in a complement-dependent cytotoxicity assay (CDC), has been exploited for serotherapy studies. Different regiments of L.1 treatment of CD2F1 mice bearing the semi-syngeneic L1210 leukaemia did not prolong the life span of tumor-bearing animals. Moreover, the administration of L.1 did not enhance the antitumour effects of cyclophosphamide. Studies of in vivo localization showed that L.1 was able to bind specifically to L1210 leukaemic cells, although 30-40% of the cells remained negative. The presence of L.1 in mouse blood was demonstrated up to 15 days after the inoculation. On the other hand, in vivo administration of L.1 was probably accompanied by loss of the cytotoxic activity, perhaps through a mechanism of complement inactivation, since the presence of undiluted normal mouse serum in a CDC assay inhibited the cytotoxic activity of L.1. Moreover, serum from L.1-treated mice did not display any cytotoxic activity, although the presence of the antibody could be demonstrated by indirect immunofluorescence. Shedding of the antigen defined by L.1 was probably not responsible for the failure of the serotherapy, since the L.1 neutralizing antigen could be found in body fluids only long after the start of therapy.
Serotherapy of L1210 murine leukaemia--reasons for ineffectiveness of in vivo treatment by L.1 monoclonal antibody / C. Testorelli, G. Canti, P. Franco, A. Goldin, A. Nicolin. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0007-0920. - 47:3(1983 Mar), pp. 353-359.
|Titolo:||Serotherapy of L1210 murine leukaemia--reasons for ineffectiveness of in vivo treatment by L.1 monoclonal antibody|
TESTORELLI, CARLA LUISA (Primo)
CANTI, GIANFRANCO (Secondo)
NICOLIN, ANGELO NICOLO' (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Antibodies, Neoplasm; Antigens, Neoplasm; Mice; Cyclophosphamide; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Leukemia L1210; Mice, Inbred DBA; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Cytotoxicity, Immunologic; Immunization, Passive; Binding Sites, Antibody; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-1983|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1983.53|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|