We performed a retrospective study of 57 HIV-positive pregnant women and their children to look for maternal parameters related to rates of vertical transmission of HIV. Sixteen (28%) infants were HIV-infected. There was no positive correlation between maternal risk factors for HIV and vertical transmission of HIV. Multiparity seemed to be related to a higher prevalence of vertical transmission, whereas neither preterm delivery nor cesarean section resulted in different rates of vertical transmission, although they tended to have some protective effect. Maternal β2-microglobulin and serum neopterin levels were not related to different rates of vertical transmission of HIV. CD4+ cell counts did so only when cut-off values of 400/mm3 were taken. All the women in CDC group IV and all the HIV p24 antigen-positive transmitted the infection to their infants, whereas only 7 48 women in CDC groups II and III (P = 0.000006) and 9 48 HIV p24 antigen negative women (P = 0.00006) gave birth to infected infants. No other maternal characteristics were associated with different rates of vertical transmission in a multivariate analysis restricted to women in CDC groups II and III and with HIV p24 antigen negativity.
Effect of Zidovudine in HIV-infected children with lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia. / N. Principi, P. Marchisio, E. Massironi, A. Plebani, P. Careddu, S. Cristina, A. d'Arminio Monforte.. - In: AIDS. - ISSN 0269-9370. - 5:4(1991 Apr), pp. 468-469.
|Titolo:||Effect of Zidovudine in HIV-infected children with lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia.|
MARCHISIO, PAOLA GIOVANNA (Secondo)
D'ARMINIO MONFORTE, ANTONELLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||HIV p24 Ag; Symptomatic HIV infection; Vertical transmission|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive|
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0028-2243(91)90173-I|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|