Photodynamic therapy is currently under investigation as a new form of treatment for solid malignant tumors in animals and in humans. The method involves photosensitization of drugs and fluorescent dyes, such as hematoporphyrin derivative (Hpd), after preferential incorporation by neoplastic cells. In in vitro experiments laser light activation completely destroys Hpd-pretreated EL4 cells. Mice bearing MS-2 fibrosarcoma treated with Hpd and laser light survived indefinitely, in comparison with control animals that were untreated or treated only with Hpd or laser light. In mice bearing the highly metastatic tumors B16 melanoma and Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) treated with Hpd and laser light delivered through a quartz fiber optic significantly prolonged the median survival time. This therapy was compared with surgical excision of primary tumors and, for superficial nonmetastatic neoplasma MS-2, the photodynamic therapy was more effective than surgery, while for metastatic tumors B16 and LLC, there was no significant difference between the two methodologies. However, phototherapy is much less traumatic to the animals.
|Titolo:||Photodynamic therapy in vitro and in vivo with hematoporphyrin derivative and laser light|
CANTI, GIANFRANCO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Mice, Inbred Strains; Animals; Hematoporphyrin Photoradiation; Photochemotherapy; Mice; Laser Therapy; Cell Line; Neoplasms, Experimental|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1987|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|