Growth hormone can be used to counteract some catabolic effects of long-term administration of glucocorticoids, such as impairment of growth in children and osteoporosis. However, owing to its immunostimulatory properties the hormone may counteract the effect of glucocorticoids on the immune system. To investigate this question we administered different doses of hGH (4, 8, 40 IU/kg) to C57/Bl/6J mice treated for two days with prednisolone, and evaluated thymus and spleen parameters and natural killer activity. Growth hormone at the dose of 4 and 8 IU/kg reversed prednisolone-induced reduction of spleen and thymus weight and cellularity, whereas the highest dose showed to be immunosuppressive in itself. Two days after treatment withdrawal, a recovery of spleen parameters was evident, whereas the thymus was still suppressed by preceding prednisolone or hGH (40 IU/kg) treatments. The pattern of natural killer activity displayed by the splenocytes resembled that present under treatment. In a second experiment prednisolone, administered for 10 days, drastically reduced the number of viable spleen and thymus cells as well as the relative spleen and thymus weights, an effect reversed by concomitant administration of hGH (0.8, 4, 8 IU/kg). Natural killer activity, which was significantly depressed by prednisolone, was restored by the intermediate GH dose only. The 8 IU/kg GH dose was immunosuppressive in itself.
|Titolo:||Influence of growth hormone on the immunosuppressive effect of prednisolone in mice|
FRANCO, PAOLA (Primo)
MARELLI, ORNELLA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals ; Analysis of Variance ; Cell Count ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Spleen ; Mice ; Immune Tolerance ; Organ Size ; Mice, Inbred Strains ; Thymus Gland ; Killer Cells, Natural ; Prednisolone ; Drug Synergism ; Male ; Growth Hormone ; Immunosuppression|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-1990|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|