The effect of local and systemic delivery of the angiostatin gene on human melanoma growth was studied in nude mice. Liposome-coated plasmids carrying the cDNA coding for murine and human angiostatin (CMVang and BSHang) were injected weekly, locally or systemically, in mice transplanted with melanoma cells. The treatment reduced melanoma growth by 50% to 90% compared to that occurring in control animals treated with liposome-coated plasmid carrying the lacZ gene or in untreated controls. The growth of both locally injected and controlateral uninjected tumors in mice bearing two melanoma grafts was significantly suppressed after intratumoral treatment. Tumor growth inhibition was also observed in mice treated by intraperitoneal delivery, suggesting that angiostatin gene therapy acts through a systemic effect. Both melanoma growth suppression and delay in the onset of tumor growth were observed in treated mice. PCR performed on tumors and normal tissues showed that the lipofected DNA was present in tissues from treated mice, and angiostatin expression was demonstrated by RT-PCR. Histopathological analysis of melanoma nodules revealed an increase in apoptotic cells and a reduction in vessel density in tumors from treated mice. Our results suggest that systemic, liposome-mediated administration of genes coding for antiangiogenic factors represents a promising strategy for melanoma treatment in humans.
Growth of human melanoma xenografts is suppressed by systemic angiostatin gene therapy / M. Rodolfo, E. M. Catò, S. Soldati, R. Ceruti, M. Asioli, E. Scanziani, P. Vezzoni, G. Parmiani, M. G. Sacco. - In: CANCER GENE THERAPY. - ISSN 0929-1903. - 8:7(2001 Jul), pp. 491-6-496.
|Titolo:||Growth of human melanoma xenografts is suppressed by systemic angiostatin gene therapy|
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Humans; Mice; Mice, Nude; Gene Therapy; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Liposomes; Melanoma; Neoplasm Transplantation; DNA, Complementary; Peptide Fragments; Tumor Cells, Cultured; DNA; Neovascularization, Pathologic; Angiostatins; Time Factors; Plasminogen; Lac Operon; Cell Division|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.cgt.7700331|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|