A fatal pneumonia due to Legionella pneumophila was diagnosed in a young calf reared in a dairy herd located in northern Italy. Clinical symptoms consisted of watery diarrhea, hyperthermia, anorexia, and severe dyspnea. The pathological and histological findings were very similar to those observed in human legionellosis. Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 (SG1) and SG10 were isolated from the calfs lung, and L. pneumophila SG1 was isolated from the calfs liver. L. pneumophila SG1 was also demonstrated in the lung tissue by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical examinations. Nine of 10 L. pneumophila SG1 isolates belonged to the Olda subtype, and 1 belonged to the Camperdown subtype. A very low prevalence of antibodies to Legionella was detected in cows and calves reared in the same herd. Cultures of aqueous sediment of an old electric water heater which supplied hot water for the feeding of the calves yielded L. pneumophila SG1. Four of the colonies tested belonged to the Olda subtype. Ten clinical and four environmental isolates were examined for the presence of plasmids. Nine of them were also examined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis assay, and the same patterns were found for L. pneumophila SG1 Olda strains isolated from the calf and from the electric heater. This is the first report of a documented case of a naturally occurring Legionella pneumonia in an animal. Cattle probably act as accidental hosts for legionellae, much the same as humans.
Epidemiological and environmental investigations of Legionella pneumophila infection in cattle and case report of fatal pneumonia in a calf / M. Fabbi, M. C. Pastoris, E. Scanziani, S. Magnino, L. Di Matteo. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0095-1137. - 36:7(1998 Jul), pp. 1942-7-1947.
|Titolo:||Epidemiological and environmental investigations of Legionella pneumophila infection in cattle and case report of fatal pneumonia in a calf|
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Fatal Outcome; Legionella pneumophila; Equipment Contamination; DNA, Bacterial; Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect; Plasmids; Water Microbiology; Cattle Diseases; Cattle; Lung; Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field; Liver; Immunohistochemistry; Legionnaires' Disease|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|