Hyperkeratotic dermatitis of athymic nude mice is an infectious disease caused by a coryneform bacterium. During the spring of 1995, outbreaks of hyperkeratotic dermatitis were observed in several nude mice facilities in northern Italy. In this report we describe the clinical, histopathological and microbiological features of the disease in two different animal facilities. Affected animals showed a typical 'scaly' appearance with small white flakes of material adherent to the skin. In one of the outbreaks (facility 2) the lesions were less severe and involved only limited areas of the body. The infection spread very quickly and the morbidity reached more than 80% in a few days, while the mortality was about 1%. The lesions resolved spontaneously within 7-10 days. Histological examination of affected skin revealed orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis, acanthosis and dermal inflammatory infiltration which were more severe in mice from facility 1. In Gram-stained sections groups of rods consistent with coryneform bacteria were detectable in the keratin layers covering the epidermal surface. A coryneform bacterium, biochemically typed as Corynebacterium bovis, was isolated from 11 out of 11 mice from facility 1 and from 8 out of 11 mice from facility 2.
|Titolo:||Outbreaks of hyperkeratotic dermatitis of athymic nude mice in northern Italy|
SCANZIANI, EUGENIO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Rodent Diseases; Skin; Mice, Nude; Mice; Disease Outbreaks; Italy; Morbidity; Corynebacterium; Corynebacterium Infections; Skin Diseases, Bacterial; Female; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/002367797780596310|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|