The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a clinically multifaceted disease induced by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV infection results in a complex pattern of immunologic alterations that leads to the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the majority of HIV seropositive (HIV+) individuals. The reduction in CD4 T lymphocyte counts is the hallmark of HIV infection nevertheless, long before the reduction of CD4 counts reaches critical levels, a series of profound and complex defects that impair the function of CD4 T lymphocytes can be observed. Thus, HIV infection is characterised by quantitative and qualitative defects affecting CD4 T lymphocytes. It was recently suggested that the qualitative defects observed in HIV infection preferentially impair the production of type 1 cytokines, thus provoking abnormalities that selectively affect cell mediated immunity (CMI). Because the efficacy of CMI and humoral immunity is in a continuous reciprocal balance, the impairment of type 1 cytokines production and CMI is likely to be associated with an increased production of type 2 cytokines and an exaggerated stimulation of humoral immunity. Corollaries of this hypothesis are that: 1) a strong cell mediated immunity is more protective in preventing the progression of HIV infection to AIDS; and 2) signs of hyper/abnormal activation of humoral response are indicators of poor prognosis. Additionally, it was recently suggested that programmed cell death (PCD) is an important mechanism leading to CD4 depletion in HIV infection, and that susceptibility of peripheral lymphocytes to PCD appears to be differentially regulated by diverse cytokines.(
New research hypotheses in the immunopathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus infection / M. Clerici. - In: QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1125-0135. - 39:3(1995), pp. 163-168.
|Titolo:||New research hypotheses in the immunopathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus infection|
CLERICI, MARIO SALVATORE (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||AIDS; HIV infection|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|