The authors developed and tested a process model of adaptation to shiftwork, which hypothesizes that various individual and situational variables influence the development of sleep and social and domestic disturbances. Both types of disturbances trigger various types of coping behavior, leading to several proximal outcomes. The end result is the development of chronic health problems in the form of digestive and cardiovascular symptoms. The model was tested with survey data collected from 2 samples of nurses (N = 1,532) in the United Kingdom and was cross-validated against a 3rd sample of industrial workers (N = 370). Results indicate support for the model across the 3 samples, although some sample-specific and subgroup effects were found. Results have direct implications for the development of shiftwork theory and interventions.

A process model of shiftwork and health / C. Smith, C. Robie, S. Folkard, J. Barton, I. McDonald, L. Smith, E. Spelten, P. Totterdell, G. Costa. - In: JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1076-8998. - 4:3(1999 Jul), pp. 207-218.

A process model of shiftwork and health

G. Costa
1999-07

Abstract

The authors developed and tested a process model of adaptation to shiftwork, which hypothesizes that various individual and situational variables influence the development of sleep and social and domestic disturbances. Both types of disturbances trigger various types of coping behavior, leading to several proximal outcomes. The end result is the development of chronic health problems in the form of digestive and cardiovascular symptoms. The model was tested with survey data collected from 2 samples of nurses (N = 1,532) in the United Kingdom and was cross-validated against a 3rd sample of industrial workers (N = 370). Results indicate support for the model across the 3 samples, although some sample-specific and subgroup effects were found. Results have direct implications for the development of shiftwork theory and interventions.
shift work ; night work ; health
Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro
JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/186259
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 64
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact