Because thrombomodulin plays a key role in the protein C pathway, we evaluated the contribution of thrombomodulin gene mutations to venous thrombosis. We examined 38 patients with recurrent, documented thrombotic events at a young age and a positive family history. Twelve individuals with low levels of soluble thrombomodulin in plasma were also studied. Finally, the allelic frequency of the Ala455Val polymorphism was estimated in 192 patients with at least one thrombotic event and in 369 age- and sex-matched asymptomatic controls. Two mutations were identified; G/A)201, in a severely thrombophilic patient and G/T 1456, in a patient with low soluble thrombomodulin levels. The first mutation has been reported by some, but not others, to be associated with moderately reduced levels of thrombomodulin. The second was identified previously in a patient with low soluble thrombomodulin, but expression studies failed to show functional changes in the mutant. Thrombomodulin gene mutations thus appear to be rare even in highly selected thrombophilic patients, and possibly functionally irrelevant. The allelic frequency of the Ala455Val polymorphism was identical in patients and controls. Considering the lack of a phenotype and the costly screening procedure, we recommend that thrombomodulin defects be sought only for research purposes.
|Titolo:||Mutations in the thrombomodulin gene are rare in patients with severe thrombophilia|
FAIONI, ELENA MARIA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Mutations; Plasma levels; Polymorphism; Thrombomodulin; Thrombosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1046/j.1365-2141.2002.03644.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|