We have previously shown that 17beta-estradiol (E-2) prevents the activation of brain macrophages, i.e. microglia cells, both in vitro and in vivo. Hormone exerts this inhibitory effect by inhibiting pro-inflammatory gene expression. In this study we further investigated on the molecular mechanism of E-2 action in the RAW 264.7 macrophage cell line. We show here that these cells express the alpha-isoform of the estrogen receptor (ERalpha) and not ERbeta. Similarly to its activity in brain macrophages, E-2 is able to inhibit the activation program induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW 264.7 cells, as shown by the inhibitory effect of hormone on the morphological conversion and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression induced by the endotoxin. In addition, we demonstrate that hormone treatment is not associated with a reduction in the steady-state expression of Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) and CD14, two components of the LPS receptor complex. Our results further confirm the anti-inflammatory role of ERalpha in macrophages and propose that the mechanism of hormone action on macrophage reactivity involves signaling molecules which are down-stream effectors of the LPS membrane receptors. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Regulation of the lipopolysaccharide signal transduction pathway by 17 beta-estradiol in macrophage cells / E. Vegeto, S. Ghisletti, C. Meda, S. Etteri, S. Belcredito, A. Maggi. - In: JOURNAL OF STEROID BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-0760. - 91:1-2(2004 Jun), pp. 59-66.
|Titolo:||Regulation of the lipopolysaccharide signal transduction pathway by 17 beta-estradiol in macrophage cells|
VEGETO, ELISABETTA (Primo)
GHISLETTI, SERENA MARIA LUISA (Secondo)
BELCREDITO, SILVIA (Penultimo)
MAGGI, ADRIANA CATERINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Estrogen receptor-alpha ; RAW cells ; Microglia ; MMP-9 ; TLR-4 ; CD14 ; Expression|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2004.02.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|