Insulin is a well known mitotic agent for neuroblastoma cells. Human SK-N-BE neuroblastoma cells stably transfected with the estrogen receptor, however, undergo growth arrest and differentiation when treated with insulin. These effects were shown to be due to an insulin-dependent activation of the unliganded estrogen receptor. Here, we demonstrate that this activation involves the AF-2 COOH-terminal domain of the estrogen receptor and that the communication between estrogen and insulin receptor systems occurs via selected and specific transduction signals. In fact, by the use of dominant negative and dominant positive mutants we demonstrate that p21(ras) is essential for insulin and estrogen receptor coupling. With pharmacological tools, we prove that PI 3'kinase does not contribute to this cross-talk and that protein kinase C triggers transduction signals that act in synergism with p21(ras). These results prove the intricacy of all these intracellular paths of communication. The finding that, in neuroblastoma cells, selected signal transduction systems are involved in the insulin-dependent activation of estrogen receptor is of particular interest considering that estrogen receptor might restrict the role played by insulin during the differentiation of neural cells and interfere with its proliferative potential while allowing its regulation of other functions related to cell survival.
|Titolo:||Cross-coupling between insulin and estrogen receptor in human neuroblastoma cells|
MAGGI, ADRIANA CATERINA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1210/me.10.5.499|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|