We studied serological and tissue markers of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in seven healthy carriers of HBsAg and in 58 patients with chronic active hepatitis (CAH), of whom 20 were HBsAg positive and 38 HBsAg negative. Surface antigen was found as the only marker of HBV infection in the liver tissue of all healthy carriers and HBsAg positive in 40% of the CAH patients. Core antigen was detected only in CAH patients: 7/20 HBsAg positive (in two alone and in five together with HBsAg) and 5/38 HBsAg negative (four with circulating anti-HBs and anti-HBc and one with only anti-HBc). All the healthy carriers of the surface antigen presented HBsAg in the liver as the only marker of HBV. Furthermore, all healthy carriers were found to be anti-HBe positive, whereas in the 16 HBsAg positive CAH patients examined for the e system, HBeAg and anti-HBe were found with the same frequency (43.7%). Of the 33 HBsAg negative CAH patients examined, anti-HBe was present in four who also had circulating anti-HBc and anti-HBs. In HBsAg positive CAH patients core antigen was found in the liver tissue of 4/7 HBeAg positive cases and in 2/7 anti-HBe positive, while surface antigen was detected in 3/7 HBeAg positive, 5/7 anti-HBe positive and in the two HBeAg/anti-HBe negative individuals. In HBsAg negative CAH patients, surface antigen was never found in the liver tissue; core antigen was detected, however, in five who had circulating anti-HBc (one in the presence and four in the absence of anti-HBe). In conclusion, from these data it would appear that the various serological patterns of HBV infection, particularly as concerns the presence of antibodies and presence or absence of HBsAg, are not invariably able to predict whether or not HBV antigens are present in liver tissue or, in other words, if active replication does occur.
Serological and tissue markers of HBV infection in chronic active hepatitis patients and in healthy carriers of HBsAg / C. DEL VECCHIO BLANCO, N. CAPORASO, A.R. ZANETTI, P. FERRONI, G. AMBROGIO, A. BALZANO. - In: INFECTION. - ISSN 0300-8126. - 9:3(1981), pp. 126-130.
|Titolo:||Serological and tissue markers of HBV infection in chronic active hepatitis patients and in healthy carriers of HBsAg|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1981|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01642119|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|