In a porcine model of endotoxic shock, we evaluated the circulatory and respiratory effects of NO synthase (NOS) blockade. Twenty anaesthetised pigs were divided into three groups and studied for 240 min after induction of endotoxic shock with lipopolysaccharides of Escherichia coli (LPS). After 180 min of endotoxic shock, one group (n = 6) received aminoguanidine, another group (n = 6) received N(G)-nitro-L -arginine methyl ester (L -NAME) and a third group (n = 8) received only LPS. A sham group (n = 3) was also studied. LPS decreased systemic arterial pressure and cardiac output (CO) and increased mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and heart rate. Significant changes were also observed in compliance (-18.4%) and resistance (+33.6%) of the respiratory system. Aminoguanidine did not modify LPS-dependent effects, while, after L -NAME, a significant increase in MPAP, PVR and SVR and a decrease in CO were observed. In conclusion, aminoguanidine does not play a significant cardiocirculatory and pulmonary role in the short-term dysfunction of endotoxic shock, while L -NAME has a detrimental effect on haemodynamics, suggesting a protective role of constitutive NO production at vascular level during the early stages of endotoxaemia.

Effect of NO synthase inhibition on cardiovascular and pulmonary dysfunction in a porcine short-term model of endotoxic shock / M. Albertini, C.L. Lafortuna, M.G. Clement, S. Mazzola, S. Radice, S.N.A. Hussain. - In: PROSTAGLANDINS LEUKOTRIENES AND ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS. - ISSN 0952-3278. - 67:6(2002), pp. 365-372.

Effect of NO synthase inhibition on cardiovascular and pulmonary dysfunction in a porcine short-term model of endotoxic shock

M. Albertini
Primo
;
M.G. Clement;S. Mazzola;
2002

Abstract

In a porcine model of endotoxic shock, we evaluated the circulatory and respiratory effects of NO synthase (NOS) blockade. Twenty anaesthetised pigs were divided into three groups and studied for 240 min after induction of endotoxic shock with lipopolysaccharides of Escherichia coli (LPS). After 180 min of endotoxic shock, one group (n = 6) received aminoguanidine, another group (n = 6) received N(G)-nitro-L -arginine methyl ester (L -NAME) and a third group (n = 8) received only LPS. A sham group (n = 3) was also studied. LPS decreased systemic arterial pressure and cardiac output (CO) and increased mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and heart rate. Significant changes were also observed in compliance (-18.4%) and resistance (+33.6%) of the respiratory system. Aminoguanidine did not modify LPS-dependent effects, while, after L -NAME, a significant increase in MPAP, PVR and SVR and a decrease in CO were observed. In conclusion, aminoguanidine does not play a significant cardiocirculatory and pulmonary role in the short-term dysfunction of endotoxic shock, while L -NAME has a detrimental effect on haemodynamics, suggesting a protective role of constitutive NO production at vascular level during the early stages of endotoxaemia.
Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/185715
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