The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on diaphragmatic fatigue in fifteen anaesthetized, mechanically ventilated pigs, divided into three groups. The animals were pre-treated with indomethacin (3 mg kg-1, i.v.) to block the cyclo-oxygenase pathway. To group 1 pigs (n = 6) NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 5 mg kg-1 i.v.) was administered as a bolus to block endogenous NO production, while group 2 pigs (n = 6) were infused with sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 0.023 mg kg-1, i.v.), a donor of NO. Group 3 pigs (n = 3) were used as the controls. We evaluated diaphragmatic strength by measuring the transdiaphragmatic pressure (P di) generated during bilateral phrenic nerve stimulation at 10, 20, 30 and 50 Hz, 15 V, while the diaphragmatic endurance was assessed by a 30s stimulation at 10 Hz, 15 V. Diaphragmatic index was assessed as the ratio of peak force between single twitches performed before and after the 30 s stimulation west. We also evaluated mean systemic (MAP) and pulmonary (MPAP) arterial pressures, pulmonary wedge pressure (PW), systemic (SVR) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and cardiac output (CO). L-NAME increased MAP, MPAP, PW, SVR and PVR, but decreased CO. SNP caused a decrease in MAP, MPAP, PW and SVR, while PVR and CO did not change. The main finding of this study was that diaphragmatic strength was not significantly weakened after L-NAME administration, except at 10 Hz, while it did not change after SNP infusion. However, both L-NAME and SNP caused significant decreases in diaphragmatic endurance capacity. The fatigue appearing after L-NAME is probably correlated with a decline in diaphragmatic blood flow, as evidenced by the increase in SVR and the decrease in CO, and consequently in oxygen supply. In contrast, the decrease in endurance capacity after SNP infusion can be attributed to a direct action of NO on skeletal muscle.
|Titolo:||Effects of nitric oxide on diaphragmatic muscle endurance and strength in pigs|
ALBERTINI, MARIANGELA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1113/expphysiol.1997.sp004018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|